Johnson Lab
Trinity University

Lizard behavioral evolution


  • Muralidhar, P. and M.A. Johnson. In revision. Sexual selection and sex ratios: Anolis lizards as a model system. Journal of Zoology.

  • Bush, J.M., M.M. Quinn, E.C. Balreira, and M.A. Johnson. 2016. How do lizards determine dominance? Applying ranking algorithms to animal social behavior. Animal Behaviour 118: 65-74. PDF

  • Lailvaux, S.P., J. Leifer, B.K. Kircher, and M.A. Johnson. 2015. The incredible shrinking dewlap: skin elasticity and secondary sexual signal size in the green anole lizard (Anolis carolinensis). Ecology and Evolution 5: 4400-4409. PDF
               Cover photo by M.A. Johnson.

  • Robinson, C.D., M.S. Patton, B.M. Andre, M.A. Johnson. 2015. Convergent evolution of brain morphology and communication modalities in lizards. Current Zoology 61: 281-291. PDF
               Cover photo by M.A. Johnson.

  • Simpson, R.K., M.A. Johnson, and T.G. Murphy. 2015. Migration and the evolution of sexual dichromatism: evolutionary loss of female coloration with migration among wood-warblers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: B 282: 20150375. PDF
                Media coverage: Science, Nature, IFLS,,,

  • Johnson, M.A., M.V. Lopez, T.K. Whittle, A.K. Dill, B.K. Kircher, D. Varghese, J. Wade. 2014. The evolution of copulation frequency and the mechanisms of reproduction in male Anolis lizards. Current Zoology 60:768-777. PDF

  • Kircher, B.K., C.D. Robinson, and M.A. Johnson. 2014. Herbivory in the Northern Curly-tailed Lizard (Leiocephalus carinatus). Caribbean Herpetology 50:1-2. PDF

  • Robinson, C.D., B.K. Kircher, and M.A. Johnson. 2014. Communal nesting in the Cuban twig anole (Anolis angusticeps) from South Bimini, Bahamas. Reptiles & Amphibians: Conservation and Natural History 21:71-72. PDF

  • Battles, A.C., T.K. Whittle, C.M. Stehle, and M.A. Johnson. 2013. Effects of human land use on prey availability and body condition in the green anole lizard, Anolis carolinensis. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8: 16-26.  PDF

  • Cook, E.G., T.G. Murphy, and M.A. Johnson. 2013. Colorful displays signal male quality in a tropical anole lizard. Naturwissenschaften 100: 993-996. PDF

  • Dill, A.K., T.J. Sanger, A.C. Battles and M.A. Johnson. 2013. Sexually dimorphisms in habitat-specific morphology and behavior in the green anole lizard. Journal of Zoology 290: 135-142. PDF

  • Hilliard, T.J., G.T. Salmon, and Johnson, M.A. 2012. Anolis carolinensis (Green anole). Attempted saurophagy. Herpetological Review 43: 640-641.  PDF

  • Johnson, M.A., R.E. Cohen, J.R. Vandecar, and J. Wade. 2011. Relationships between reproductive morphology, behavior, and  testosterone in a natural population of the green anole lizard.  Physiology & Behavior 104: 437-445. PDF
               Cover photo by M.A. Johnson.

  • Johnson, M.A. and J. Wade. 2011. Neuroendocrinology of reptilian reproductive behavior. In: Hormones and Reproduction in Vertebrates, Volume 3, Reptiles. Elsevier. Pp. 39-61.
               Cover photo by M.A. Johnson.
  • Johnson, M.A., J.L. Caton, R.E. Cohen, J.R. Vandecar, and J. Wade. 2010. The burden of motherhood: the effect of reproductive load on female lizard locomotor, foraging, and social behavior. Ethology 116: 1217-1225. PDF
               Article highlighted in Current Research, Herpetological Review, June 2010.

  • Johnson, M.A. and J. Wade. 2010.  Courtship neuromuscular systems across nine Anolis lizard species: sexual dimorphisms in structure and function. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 277:1711-1719.  PDF
               Cover photo by M.A. Johnson.

  • Johnson, M. A., L. J. Revell, and J. B. Losos. 2010. Behavioral convergence and adaptive radiation: effects of habitat use on territorial behavior in Anolis lizards. Evolution 64:1151-1159.  PDF
               Article highlighted in Current Research, Herpetological Review, March 2010.

  • Johnson, M. A., M. Leal, L. R. Schettino, A. C. Lara, L. J. Revell, and J. B. Losos.  2008. A phylogenetic perspective on foraging mode evolution in West Indian Anolis lizards. Animal Behavior 75:555-563.  PDF

  • Sanger, T. J., P. M. Hime, M. A. Johnson, J. Diani, and J. B. Losos. 2008. Laboratory protocols for husbandry and embryo collection of Anolis lizards. Herpetological Review 39:58-63.  PDF

  • Glor, R. E., M. A. Johnson, and A. Larson. 2007. Polymorphic microsatellite loci for the Puerto Rican crested anole (Anolis cristatellus) and their amplification in related Puerto Rican species. Conservation Genetics. 8:1491-1493. PDF

  • Revell, L. J., M. A. Johnson, J. A. Schulte, II, J. J. Kolbe, and J. B. Losos. 2007. A phylogenetic test for adaptive convergence in rock-dwelling lizards. Evolution 61:2898-2912. PDF

  • Singhal, S., M. A. Johnson, and J. T. Ladner. 2007. The behavioral ecology of sleep: natural sleeping site choice in three Anolis lizard species. Behaviour. 144: 1033-1052. PDF

  • Johnson, M. A., R. Kirby, S. Wang, and J. B. Losos. 2006. What drives habitat use by Anolis lizards: habitat availability or selectivity? Canadian Journal of Zoology 84: 877-886. PDF

  • Johnson, M. A. 2005. A new method of temporarily marking lizards. Herpetological Review 36:277-279. PDF

  • Browne, R. A., D. J. Anderson, M. D. White, and M. A. Johnson. 2003. Genetic varation of Opuntia cactus species of the Galápagos Islands and coastal Ecuador. Noticias de Galápagos 62:11-15. PDF

Johnson Lab
Trinity University

Lizard behavioral evolution

Anolis evermanni, Puerto Rico