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  • Definitions | Characteristics | Bibliography
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    Research | News Designs | Cautionary Note

    Basic Definitions of Hypertext
    • Hypertext is non-sequential writing with reader controlled links. — Ted Nelson
    • "Hypertext is, before anything else, a visual form" (p. 19). "...hypertext is reading and writing electronically in an order you choose... structures for what does not yet exist" (pp. 177-179). — Michael Joyce, Of Two Minds: Hypertext Pedagogy and Poetics
    • "Hypertext has no authors in the conventional sense... hypertext as a writing medium metamorphoses the author into an editor or developer... [of] a team production" (p. 259). — George Landow, Hypertext 2.0
    • "Electronic writing emphasizes the impermanence and changeability of text, and it tends to reduce the distance between the author and reader by turning the reader into an author" (p. 3). — Jay David Bolter, Writing Text
    • "A new means of experimenting with segmentation, juxtaposition, and connectedness" (p. 56). — Janet Murray, Hamlet on the Holodeck
    • "An electronic document that contains links to other documents offering additional information about a topic" (p. 231). — Mary McGuire, et al., The Internet Handbook for Writers, Researchers, and Journalists
    • The hypermedia news story is a network of computer files that are interlinked. The hypernews story is a metastory. — Eric Fredin, Rethinking the News Story for the Internet, Journalism & Mass Communication Monographs, 163
    • "Electronic discourse is not oral discourse and is not printed discourse. It is (becoming) something else" (p. xvi).— Victor Vitanza, Writing for the World Wide Web
    • Hypertext in a democratic society must: a) be open to many participants, b) facilitate discourse among a diversity of grass-roots communities, and c) encourage critical aspects of discourse by enabling the questioning of assertions, the tracking of claims and counterclaims. — Charles Ess, The Political Computer: Hypertext, Democracy, and Habermas, in Hyper/text/theory
    • A skeptic describes his experience reading Stuart Moulthrop's Victory Garden as "waiting patiently for the empowering rush that ought to come when worlds open upon other worlds and old limits collapse. It was hard, I confess, to square my experience with the hype surrounding hypertext and multimedia" (pp. 151-152). — Sven Birkerts, The Gutenberg Elegies

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