New Bookmarks

Prior to 1998, I sent out editions of New Bookmarks as email messages that were not saved to a Web server. I no longer have records of those early editions that commenced somewhere around 1994.

One of the frustrating things about early editions of New Bookmarks is that many, actually most, links are now broken. Such is life on the Internet.

Also many documents that are still being served up are no longer updated or they are updated as different documents. For more current versions of documents go to the links at my main home page at

Bob Jensen


1998 Quarter 2:  April 1-June 30, 1998 Additions to Bob Jensen's Bookmarks
Bob Jensen at Trinity University

For the April 1-June 30, 1998 Additions and Summaries scroll down this document 
For the other editions go to
For the full set of Bob Jensen's Bookmarks go to
    (The full set is never up to date with the latest additions to my New Bookmarks.)
Click here to go to Bob Jensen's home page

Choose a Date for 1998 Additions to the Bookmarks File

June 30, 1998                June 23, 1998                                June 17, 1998

June 15, 1998                June 06, 1998 (A Must See)        June 05, 1998                      June 01, 1998

May 17, 1998                May 11, 1998                                May 07, 1998

April 27, 1998               April 11, 1998                                April 2, 1998

For the other editions go to

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

June 30, 1998


A Catalog of Online Textbooks


My latest paper, one that will be a module in two workshops in New Orleans, is as follows:

Metacognitive Concerns in Designs and Evaluations of Computer Aided Education and Training: Are We Misleading Ourselves About Measures of Success?



Thank you Barry Rice for the lead on

Comments from the author:

Welcome to the on-line book: Teaching in the Switched On Classroom. This book is for a wide audience of professionals,

teachers (in-service and pre-service), researchers, school administrators, and the general public. This book is about the technological revolution in our classrooms and beyond. It is not just about computers and applications, but about the whole new environment. You will find out about why the electronic revolution is both compelling and inevitable; how to structure education in the new media; what is involved in electronic interactivity between students, teachers, and material; and how to make it happen!

Not only is this book up to date and current since there is no publication lag, it is also a dynamic document. You will want to return to it for new information as it is added and for new links to current research, projects, and activities.

You free to access the book at no charge; however, remember that there is a copyright on this material. You may not use the book for more than personal use without the author's express written permission. If you intend to print chapters or to use the book for a course, please contact me at:

Note from Jensen:

There are some good parts in the above book, but it needs to be updated for asynchronous network learning. In this context, I did not find it "up to date."



Netscape has licensed Macromedia Flash technology and will include the Flash player with every future copy of its browsers. Millions of Netscape users will automatically experience high-performance Flash content—including web graphics, cartoons, illustrations, animated web pages and more—without having to download a separate plug-in. Flash will be integrated into the next maintenance release of Netscape Navigator, to be released this summer.

If you haven’t flashed someone yet join in on the fun.

And you’ll find Flash and all its related info at:


Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Edited by Edward N. Zalta, Professor of Philosophy at Stanford, this site claims to be the first dynamic encyclopedia. Unlike standard reference works or CD-ROMS, each entry in the Stanford Encyclopedia is maintained and kept up to date by experts in the field. As a result, the entries and the Encyclopedia as a whole are responsive to new developments in the field. The Encyclopedia is still very much under development, with many topics awaiting an entry. However, regular users may track new additions via the What’s New section. Additional resources include an internal search engine and an archive of the previous three editions of the Encyclopedia. From the Scout Report.


Shakespeare and the Internet

Maintained by Terry Gray and produced by the Palomar College Library, this metasite contains a host of resources for Shakespeare studies. The core of the site is the collection of annotated scholarly resources, arranged by topic. These include Works, Life & Times, Theatre, Criticism, and Educational resources. In addition, the site offers a list of top-rated sites as well a collection of non-scholarly Shakespeare links. A number of resources are located at the site, such as a Shakespeare Timeline/biography (requires frames), a genealogical chart, bibliography, and a timeline summary chart that places the events of Shakespeare’s life into historical context. Instructors, students, or anyone with an interest in the Bard will find plenty of interest here. From the Scout Report.


Cities/Buildings Image Archive


Just for Guthrie and Doug --- just listen to the bagpipes!

Virtual Pipes

The Pipers Corner


Americans With No Abilities Act --- finally legislation for Bob Jensen!


The Red Hot Jazz Archive


Gender and Sexuality in the Classical World: Classics 351

This site offers a fine example of a useful and clearly organized online syllabus. Created by Professor Laura McClure for her Spring 1998 course at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this site provides a course description, a syllabus linked to lecture outlines, a bibliography, and a list of paper topics. Additional resources include a modest collection of annotated links. From the Scout Report


Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)


June 23, 1998

Barry Rice and others set us straight a while back about the Good Times virus hoax. That hoax threatened to crash our computers by using email. However, we took comfort in the fact that nobody had invented a virus for email software or web browser software. These were "good times" because all threats of crashing our system using email software or browser software were hoaxes. You had to do something more dangerous like open up a downloaded file in Word or Excel where macro viruses germinate and thrive.

This is no longer the case, especially for users of Internet Explorer, Microsoft Outlook, and Outlook Express. With ActiveX and the exploding popularity of Windows Scripting Host (WSH) utilities, we are in swimming out farther into troubled waters. To read more about the problem and what you might want to do now to protect your system while using email or web browser software, go to

Why didn't Mac win the war (sigh)?

Go for it Paula, although this web site seems to ignore a lot of cognitive science research.
Memory - The Exploratorium looks at the biological, psychological, and cultural aspects of memory.

Probably the best thing is the links page at

The ZDNet web site has put together a series of articles intended to help users search the Net more efficiently. To see the list of articles, go to:

IBM Research


Tools: Cost-Benefit Analysis—NCEDR

The National Center for Environmental Decision-Making (NCEDR), a publicly funded, grassroots organization, includes seven Cost-Benefit Modules among their research tools. Modules illuminate key considerations and the actual utilization of cost-benefit analysis to help citizens at local, state, and regional levels improve environmental management decisions. A topic summary, hypertext section headers, as well as linked subject terms and footnotes enhance content depth and learning. From the Scout Report.

The History of Writing

Better yet --- Spellweb


This American Life (requires RealAudio playback) --- This week features fathers/children stories

Find your own best place to live ---- this Money Magazine web site lets you choose your own criteria

A collection of over 600 drawings made during the Spanish Civil War by Spanish school children, both in Spain and in refugee centers in France rendered in pencil, crayon, ink, and watercolor

Do you want to know where Dilbert sneaks to in order to find those corporate buzz words? Let’s spruce up our own writing with those "in" buzz words. Become a better yuppie at

Yoohoo’s lampoon of Yahoo


What follows is a forwarded message from the Internet Search Advantage --- happy hunting!


Internet Search Advantage-- Electronic Edition

Week of June 24,1998


Welcome to the Electronic Edition of INTERNET SEARCH ADVANTAGE, the professional’s guide to Internet searching.

In this electronic issue:



Internet Search Tip


Second-tier searches

When a Web search tool takes you to a large Web document you’re often faced with the time consuming task of a second search to find few words of information in a document of hundreds of words. You can accelerate document research by using your browser’s Find function to search for words or phrases in the text of a document. To search for a word or phrase, If you’re working in Windows just press Ctrl-F (for Netscape Navigator or Microsoft’s Internet Explore). You’re browser will display a Find dialog box. Just enter the keywords or phrase you want to locate in the Find What text box. Use the Find Next button to initiate the search and to continue the search throughout the document. You can also use the Direction radio buttons to search Up or Down the document. And the Match Case check box lets you specify uppercase or lowercase text in your search. For example, if you searched for the word Net, you might find Netscape, but the Find function wouldn’t give you net or Internet because these words don’t contain an uppercase N.


Other News About Searching


Disney announced a new partnership with Infoseek last week. Disney will pay Infoseek $70 million for a 43% share of the Infoseek Web portal. This is just the latest move by media companies in a sort of land grab for Internet portal sites. In recent weeks, General Electric Co.’s NBC unit announced plans to pay $26.2 million for a majority stake in CNet Inc.’s Snap!. And AT&T is currently negotiating to acquire America Online. As Vernon Keenan of Zona Research put it:

"These portal sites have some characteristics that are all attractive to media companies. They recognize that it’s a global media network and none of these guys have yet recognized global penetration into people’s homes."

Disney plans to create a new Internet service combining Infoseek with ABC, ESPN sports, and Disney Web sites.

Related stories

Disney Makes Deal to Acquire an Internet Portal Service - New York Times


The Web portal land grab of 1998 - ZDNN,3440,2113558,00.html


Disney to Acquire Stake in Infoseek -


The ZDNet web site has put together a series of articles intended to help users search the Net more efficiently. To see the list of articles, go to:


Subscribing to INTERNET SEARCH ADVANTAGE - Free Issue Offer


You’re now reading the email edition of Internet Search Advantage. To receive the print and web site editions (including access to the articles listed below), you must subscribe.

You can receive a free sample issue of the newsletter by filling out the form at:


How to access the INTERNET SEARCH ADVANTAGE web site (


(To access most of the features of the web site, you must be a subscriber.

Read above to learn how to subscribe.)

Below you’ll find a summary of all the articles in this month’s edition of

the newsletter. You can find the full text and graphics at our

subscribers-only web site at

Of course, you can jump to any of the articles described below by going directly to the accompanying URLs. Whichever way you access the articles, remember that you’ll have to register before you can access any of the content on the web site. To register, simply point your URL to

Once you get to the registration form, just enter your Customer Number (contact Customer Relations if you don’t know your Customer Number) at the top of this email message into the form. (You can ignore the example on the registration form about how to find your Customer Number on your mailing label, since we’ve given it to you already!) After you enter the Customer Number, scroll down and enter your proposed UserID and Password. (Be sure to give three possible UserIDs, since we won’t process your registration without them.) After you hit the Register button, the web site will verify your UserID and Password. (It’s probably a good idea to write it down somewhere.) Now when you attempt to access one of the articles on the web site, you’ll be prompted for your UserID and Password. Once you enter those, you’ll have full access to the site.

It sounds cumbersome, but if you instruct your browser to remember your UserID and Password, you won’t have to enter it again.

If you have any problems logging into the web site, contact Customer

Relations at (800) 223-8720 (from outside the US, the number is

502-493-3300.) You can also send an email to


Other Features


In addition to the articles below, be sure to check out other features of the web site. Some are active now, and others will go live in the next two weeks:


Here you can find the information you need to get started with your Internet searches. The following articles provide a good overview of basic search techniques, how search engine work, and the differences between different types of search web sites. Read these articles to sharpen your search skills. You can also send this URL to a friend or colleague who needs more information on searching.


This is the place to go to ask your search questions, or to participate in discussions with others in our Message Forums. In addition, from time to time, the editors of Internet Search Advantage will sponsor special message threads on specific search topics.


For non-subscribers to Internet Search Advantage, here is a sampler of articles that our subscribers receive each and every month. Read these, then subscribe!


In this section, we’ll provide you with links to articles from other Ziff-Davis publications on search-related topics. Come here to connect to informative articles in such publications as PC Computing, PC Week, PC Computing, or Internet Computing. We’ll update this section as our sister publications produce new articles on search-related topics.


This month’s Table of Contents



Newsgroups are probably the largest decentralized information resources in existence. Each day, more than 250,000 articles are posted to 17,000- plus USENET newsgroups on the Internet, where information is discussed and traded on almost every topic imaginable. Unfortunately, accessing newsgroups can prove difficult.



The ultimate goal of search engine programmers is to make querying a database or index so simple that anyone can access information without difficulty. Natural-language search engines are working toward that goal. Natural language is defined in artificial intelligence (AI) research as a language spoken or written by humans, and as one of the hardest problems of artificial intelligence due to the complexity, irregularity, and diversity of human language.



Professional researchers know that to make search resources viable, they must be at your fingertips. You don’t have time to look for search tools or bookmarks. Both Netscape Navigator 4.x and Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.x include a great time-saving toolbar feature that makes creating and organizing bookmarks much easier. In this article, we’ll explain how you can create and edit buttons in your Web browser for gaining fast access to your search bookmarks. Then we’ll go one step further and explain how you can create entire pop-up menus of bookmarks you can organize and how you can access sections of bookmarks—for example, search engines, reference sites, and dictionaries—under a single toolbar button.



By Richard Seltzer

Since the AltaVista Translation Assistant became available in December, information providers have been scrambling to find ways to take advantage of this new service to expand their reach to Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, and German audiences. Because the potential audience for any Web site is global, it often makes sense to provide your content in more than one language. Additional languages can help open new markets, both by making your content understandable to many more people and also by showing respect for the culture and heritage of people in your target audience.



Each month, we’ll review small search engines, link stations, and reference sites that provide excellent resources for your Internet research. This month sites include: Education World, ERIC Database, Internet College Exchange, and the CCSO Phonebook Server



In Internet Search Advantage, we often use some unusual terms. We’ve likely discussed many of these terms in past issues, but to ensure a common language, we’ve provided this glossary to explain prevalent Internet jargon, terms, and acronyms involved in searching.


Previous Articles:



The Internet is now composed of 70 million plus documents. Powerful search engines such as AltaVista and HotBot have indexed a significant percentage of the Internet, and you can search their database indexes in only a few moments. How, then, can relatively small subject directories like Yahoo! compete? What search advantages can they provide? In this article, we’ll tell you how a subject directory can improve your Internet searches.



The Internet is an extensive repository of knowledge and information - if you know where to look. Among the Internet’s best resources are FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) files. FAQs are lists of common questions and answers that introduce new users to a subject or serve as a quick reference for experienced users. FAQ files first appeared in USENET newsgroups to cut down on repeated postings of the same questions, which drives regular newsgroup readers crazy. FAQs have become so popular that they’re now common on the Web.



The following questions are based on recent correspondence about my articles. They deal with matters that many people find confusing, and many of you should find the answers interesting.



The Internet abounds with FTP (File Transfer Protocol) files, which you can

download to your computer. FTP files include business software applications, browser plug-ins, graphic images, sounds, fonts, and information documents. Some popular shareware and download sites boast that they index in excess of 180,000 files for downloading. The more traditional Archie servers index well over 5 million FTP files each.


Search engines provide various methods for accessing information on the Internet. But in order to search the Internet effectively, you must understand and choose the right search tool. In this article, we’ll look at the primary Internet search vehicles available and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each type.


Each month, we’ll review small search engines, link stations, and reference sites that provide excellent resources for your Internet research.

Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

June 17, 1998

When Trinity University eventually requires students to have laptops or provides leased laptops to students, it is possible to redesign courses to for interactions in class. I call your attention to pp. 16-20 in the June 1996 issue of T.H.E. Journal. The article written by George D. Stetten (Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University) is also available online at All student laptops in the class interact without wires using IR technology.

The above issue of T.H.E. Journal also has a wonderful summary of music software and trends in music technologies. The online version is at

Also the current June 1996 issue of Syllabus is full of interesting articles. The Cybertext online accounting and information systems textbooks are mentioned on Page 10. Links to online degree programs are provided in "An Ecology of Distance Learning" by Robert Lucas. On Page 26, Jack Wilson notes that each of the departments at Rensselaer Polytechnic no has at least one appointed member to the Faculty of Information Technology. A new degree program in Information Technology is also available.

The above issue of Syllabus also provides a great Buyer's Guide for Telecommunications, the Internet, and Education. Categories include Conferencing and Collaboration Services and Software, Distance Learning Hardware and Software Solutions, Internet Servers, Networking Hardware and Software, Network/Lab Management Software, and Video and Teleconferencing Hardware. The online version of the Buyer's Guide is at

On pp. 53-56, Larry Friedlander and Charles Kerns discuss the Stanford University attempts to transform lecture courses into learning laboratoties.

Highlights of the June 1996 issue of Syllabus are available at . Back issue highlights are available at

Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)


June 15, 1998

Amazon adds a Music Store


Directory of Spanish language web sites


The Lost Journals of Walt Whitman


Zach's Investment Research


YAHOT ToolBook Utilities (Thank you Dan Gode from the University of Rochester)


Literary Traveler


For fun quiz site


Peek at what is going on in your neighbors' backyards (remote control cameras for kites)


Palace of Versailles


Washington Post Pictures of the Year


A geek site (go for it Glenn Meyer)

Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)


June 6, 1998


In technology education web searches, some good search names include Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Beriter. A selection of web search hits that I obtained by keying in their names on the web are shown below (including a listing of Educational Technology Research Centers):

Beyond Bloom’s Taxonomy: Rethinking Knowledge for the Knowledge Age
By Carl Bereiter and Marlene Scardamalia
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education/University of Toronto


Constructivist thinking convinces us that students need to be more than willing workers. They should be agents, but what are they to be agents of? Surely, the answer for a three-year-old cannot be quite the same as the answer for a thirteen-year-old, but what is supposed to change? Taking a cue from the history of knowledge, we can speculate that there should be developmental changes in how students approach knowledge itself.

Here we present a provisional scheme of levels of working with knowledge. The levels may be thought of as levels of objectification, which start with viewing knowledge as a mental state and extend to viewing it as consisting of abstract objects. Objectification means the prying loose of knowledge from individual mental states and collective practices, making it an object of constructive activity in its own right. Historically, objectification emerged over the course of many centuries. For individuals, we have sketched a series of seven levels or stages that represent increasing ability to deal with knowledge as such—to construct it, view it from different perspectives, criticize it, improve it. Thus, progression through these levels represents an educational objective of particular significance to a knowledge society.


Learning Environments and Learning Sites at

The above web site contains a number of interesting links under Projects and Publications. Topics under projects include Mind Bridges, Socialized Collaborative Learning in Multimedia Virtual Worlds, SmallTALKER , etc. This is part of an umbrella project called Cognitive Bases for Restructuring Education (A Special Project at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences). That project uses McDonnell Foundation and Apple Computer support to test principles of pedagogical reform.

Smalltalk programming at

Places the student within a simulated team programming environment. The student engages in the development of projects in different software domains. Presently, one domain has been instantiated: the Album Project. The

programming task entails the creation of a database containing personal particulars, pictures, and digital movies of persons. Contains a suite of five learning supports ---

Collaborative Shared Workspace on the World Wide Web at

A web server-client software that supports the use of shared workspaces in collaborative contexts. Supports multiple simultaneous users over a distributed network. The workspace simulates a whiteboard which accepts input from any of the users and displays them to every user.

Conceptual Progress in a Computer- Networked Learning Environment
By Jun Oshima*, Carl Bereiter, and Marlene Scardamalia
Centre for Applied Cognitive Science, OISE
252 Bloor St. W., Toronto Ontario M5S 1V6, Canada


The aim of the paper was to examine how elementary school students (grade 5-6) make use of two different types of networked database systems specially designed for intentional learning. Students were allowed to represent their thoughts and knowledge in the form of texts or graphics in the database, then collaboratively manipulate them for improving their comprehension of study topics in the classroom. As a framework for describing differences in the students' activities between those who highly benefited and those who did not, "Information-Access Characteristics (Perkins, 1993)" was considered.

Results showed: (1) that students who highly benefited from their activities in the database significantly more engaged in knowledge-transforming activities which are considered critical to high conceptual progress, and (2) that a system affordance which allowed students to conduct their joint writing activities significantly prompted such a transforming activities at a joint-space of their collaborative learning.

Collaborative learning processes associated with high and low concpetual progress
(Kluwer Academic Publishers, "Instructional Science", 1996, co-written with Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter)

Computer Supported Intentional Learning Environments (CSILE) is a database system in which learners more efficiently construct their knowledge through cooperative learning on knowledge representation in the database. This study examined how students in a grade 5-6 classroom built their classroom database on a science topic "electricity," and differences in activities between high- and low-achieving students. As an analytic tool, Activity Theory by Leontiev (1981) was used to describe students’ activities mediated by the computer system. Two different levels of students’ activities were described. The first level of activity was students’ cognitive actions, in which they intentionally pursued their goals for learning. The second level of activity was t heir computer operations to attain their cognitive goals. The two levels of students’ activities were discussed in two different psychological planes of cooperative work. The first plane was solo-pane, in which students mainly focused on their own inquiries. The second was joint-plane, in which they focused on improvement of the classroom knowledge as a whole.

Comparisons of activities between high- and low-achieving students showed that high-achieving students were concerned with problem-centered knowledge in the solo- and the joint-plane of cooperative work, and that they were more likely to construct their representation in the database in interaction between different types of knowledge.

Engaging Students in a Knowledge Society
by Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter

A network of networks through which students can gain entrance-and contribute-to various worlds of knowledge

Canada's Knowledge Society network is designed to make more effective use of resources worldwide, and, in the process, involve students in the work of the larger society. To do this, the authors are using Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environment (CSILE) software--the first network system to support collaborative learning and inquiry in schools. The project brings together elementary and high school students and their parents, post-secondary teacher education and medical school students, and staff from museums, engineering firms, a science center, and an art gallery, as well as researchers and software developers

Adaptation and Understanding: A Case for New Cultures of Schooling
Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter
Centre for Applied Cognitive Science
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
252 Bloor St. W., Toronto, Canada M5S 1V6

Abstract: We argue that efforts at school restructuring should focus on altering classroom conditions that make minimal understanding strategies adaptive. Toward this end we analyze conditions of schooling that inhibit efforts at understanding, and contrast these with conditions that encourage students to pursue understanding by their own initiative. Our analysis of conditions necessary to enable purposeful pursuit of understanding is based on our experience in developing and implementing a computer-based system (CSILE) for information sharing and knowledge advancement. Results from the use of CSILE suggest that it is possible to create school environments that give understanding a central role and that the benefits from doing so are considerable.

Moving Towards On-Demand Learning Systems (Part 2)
by David Porter

Lewis Perelman is a highly vocal critic of current educational practices, including the whole notion of schools. His 1993 book School’s Out (Avon Books) and his subsequent articles published in issues of Wired magazine continue to ask whether it is reasonable for government to continue to fund industrial-age schooling in a world which is increasingly being driven by information-age demands.

His most recent article in Wired uses Apple Computer as an example of how that corporation’s foggy thinking about education’s significance to the computer industry has become a corporate virus that has prevented Apple Computer from capitalizing on its lead in both technology and software in the 1990s. Perelman’s thesis is that Apple’s failure to see a distinction between education and learning has lead to a major corporate slide for this technology vendor. The same lack of clarity, he implies, may ultimately be the big mistake that the larger educational community makes in its quest to adopt technology in ways appropriate for learners of the 90s.

Perelman makes his own distinction between learning and education by presenting his notion of kanbrain or "on-demand learning," a derivative of the modern Japanese industrial notion of just-in-time delivery. JIT is a model in which all the components of a system are manufactured and brought together as needed for production. This is a model in which investments in inventory, labor, and production processes can be called upon as warranted, by demand. In educational terms this means bringing learning resources, instruction, and mentorship to learners as they need it, perhaps without the same kinds of investment in buildings, teachers, and resources as has been the custom. JIT is a mechanistic model for sure, but one which has a certain resonance with budget conscious governments and corporations.

The key technology components of a kanbrain-style, on-demand learning system from Perelman’s perspective are performance support, groupware, intranets, and knowledge-based systems. If you have not heard these terms before, let this be your first notice that these terms will increasingly become buzz words in educational circles.


Text-Based and Knowledge-Based Questioning by Children
Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter
Centre for Applied Cognitive Science
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
252 Bloor St. W., Toronto, Canada M5S 1V6

Abstract: Three studies investigated the ability of elementary school children to ask and recognize educationally productive questions. Knowledge-based questions, formulated in advance of instruction, were found to be of a higher order than text-based questions, produced after exposure to text materials. Depending on familiarity of the topic, knowledge-based questions varied between basic questions, asking for information needed for orientation to a topic, and "wonderment" questions, often aimed at explanation or at resolving discrepancies in knowledge. Children’s questions are seen as a potentially valuable resource in education, but one that requires a different kind of classroom community from the several kinds commonly found. The potentiality of a computer-based medium, CSILE, for supporting a knowledge-building community is briefly considered.

Higher Levels of Agency for Children in Knowledge-Building: A Challenge for the Design of New Knowledge Media
Marlene Scardamalia and Carl Bereiter
Centre for Applied Cognitive Science
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
252 Bloor St. W., Toronto, Canada M5S 1V6

Abstract: Although adults and children both have zones of proximal development in which more knowledgeable others play essential roles, there is a difference in executive control that is most salient in question-answer dialogue. Adult learners typically ask questions based on their perceived knowledge needs, whereas with school children, questions are typically asked by the teacher, based on the teacher’s perception of the child’s needs. Evidence is presented showing that children can produce and recognize educationally productive questions and can adapt them to their knowledge needs. The challenge is to design environments in which students can use such questions to guide their building of knowledge, thus assuming a higher level of agency in learning. CSILE, a computer-supported knowledge medium designed to support intentional learning, is described, with illustrations of children’s use of it in cooperative knowledge-building.

12. (Very Interesting)
by Forrest Houlette


A Web-based Collaborative Learning Project for Teachers
April 1997
By Heather McKee, Bob Mroz and Fatemeh Sharifi Amina

"Our theory of learning is implicit in our design, and hence one can come to reasonable understanding of our beliefs about learning from an analysis of instruction." (Duffy and Jonassen, 1991)


Some references


Educational Technology (includes a listing of Ed Tech Research Organizations and Resources)

Educational technology represents a very broad area of research involving a number of issues. It is not restricted to the World Wide Web nor to distance education although much of the technology being developing for collaboration is Web oriented. Generally the organizations represented here are involved in collaborative relationships with other organizations and work on a wide variety of applications such as Human Computer Interface Design, Interactive Multlimedia Computing, Hypertext and Hypermedia, and Telematics.


Ed Tech Research Organizations

Ed Tech Resources

Collaborative Technologies

Delivery Systems


Ed Tech Research Organizations listed at
Educational Technology - A WWW Virtual Library page maintained by TECFA (Technologies de Formation et Apprentissage)
Queen’s-Bell Instructional Technology Update - This site is intended to assist educators new to technology in their efforts to find meaningful and productive ways of using information technology to promote learning. This service is sponsored by Bell Canada, the Ontario Ministry of Education and Training and Queen’s University.
Open University Institute of Educational Technology
Centre for Human Computer Interface Design (City University) - The Centre for Human Computer Interface Design (HCID) was formed in January 1992, bringing together research strengths in Business Computing and Computer Science which span dialogue design, natural language, graphics and visual human computer communication. The Centre draws on research experience in human computer interaction, computational linguistics, computer graphics and systems development. As such its central interest is in design of the human computer interface while acknowledging that interface design is an integral part of the whole system and can not be considered in isolation. Computers in Teaching Initiative - The CTI comprises 23 subject-based centres working to encourage the use of learning technologies in UK higher education. The CTI Support Service, based at the University of Oxford, coordinates the work of the centres, and acts as a focal point for the activities relating to the use of computers in university teaching in the UK. (also see Bob Jensen's WP 255 at
Sloan Center for Asynchronous Learning Environments - The Sloan Center for Asynchronous Learning Environments (SCALE) was established in March 1995 with a grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. SCALE faculty are participating in a three-year project of restructuring undergraduate courses to integrate various techniques associated with asynchronous learning networks. The goals of this project are to create efficiencies in the educational process (cost, time, faculty productivity), to increase student retention, and to decrease time-to-degree.
Center for Advanced Instructional Media - founded at Yale University to explore the educational potential of new interactive multimedia computing technology
Center for Distance Learning Research at Texas A&M - provides timely and appropriate information on the development, application and maintenance of information technology systems. This information is provided through demonstration, training, publications and technical assistance. The Center’s services are available to all public agencies and private businesses who are interested in the welfare and education of people through the use of appropriate information technology and distance education.
Technologies for Learning Program - provides an innovative learning environment for graduate students, who will draw from five major centers of strength at the University of Illinois: theories of learning and teaching; context-area base; technology development; school-based research; and technology studies.
Human Interface Technology Lab - at the University of Washington
The Human Interface Technology Laboratory is a research and development lab in virtual interface technology. HITL
was established in 1989 by the Washington Technology Center (WTC) to transform virtual environment concepts
and early research into practical, market-driven products and processes. HITL research strengths include interface
hardware, virtual environments software, and human factors. The Lab hopes to develop a new generation of
human-machine interfaces to provide solutions to challenges in a variety of domains.
Center for Internet Technology in Teaching
Institute of Learning Technologies - founded in 1986 at Teachers College, Columbia University, works to advance the role of computers and other information technologies in education and society.
Academic Technologies of Learning (University of Alberta) - Alternative delivery refers to new ways of teaching and learning which expand access beyond the bounds of time and place set by traditional lecture teaching. Alternative delivery is associated with the use of educational technologies. These technologies are designed to improve the learning process in cost effective ways while increasing access to educational opportunities.
The Excite Center - at Simon Fraser University specializes in Educational Technologies including all manner of

hypermedia and multimedia
EVNET (Network for the Evaluation of Education and Training Technologies) - is a collaborative research network of academic researchers, practitioners, and public, private and non-profit organizations involving the evaluation of the effectiveness of computer-mediated communications in education and training.
Memorial University of Newfoundland - Division of Educational Technology
The Centre for Telematics and Information Technology at the University of Twente - is a multidisciplinary research institute of the University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, and does research within the area of telematics and information technology.
The Telematics Research Centre
at Anglia Polytechnic University, Cambridge, UK
The University of Oslo and UNINETT Multimedia Lab - UNINETT is the operator of the academic network in Norway. This Web-server is used by UNINETT and the University of Oslo for development work in relation to media on demand over the Internet as well as various other Web related projects.
Learning in Humans and Machines - The mission of this recently launched programme is to advance our knowledge about learning from an interdisciplinary perspective, bringing together - on a European scale - researchers from cognitive, computer and educational sciences. The programme has as its guiding theme the analysis, comparison and integration of computational approaches to learning and research on human learning.
Virtual University Project - is organized by the Uno Laboratory of Keio University at SFC (Shonan Fujisawa Campus), participated by experts across the Keio University system. Collaborating institutions include IIASA (International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis), INFORUM (Inter-industry Forecasting at the University of Maryland), CIESIN (Consortium for International Earth Science Network), and the United Nations University. The purpose of the project is to establish a network for research and education on WWW.
NCSU/Fujitsu Network-Based Education Project
WWW Projects at University of Sidney - This site will provide a focus for researchers in the field of adaptive hypertext and hypermedia



Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)



June 5, 1998


Updated Bookmarks

I have updated Bob Jensen’s Bookmarks at

The above file contains nearly 100 pages of bookmarks and loads slow. However, I have improved the index for fast searches by category.

Noted features are the Education in General bookmarks, the Accounting sections, and the Technology Section.

When you find dead links or have suggestions as to how to improve these bookmarks, please let me know at



Selected Bookmark Additions With Commentaries at

In addition to my Bookmarks mentioned above, I have added a web document that lists selected additions to my Bookmarks in 1998. This document contains commentaries on many of the added bookmarks.


Spreadsheets, Mathematics, Science, and Statistics Education: Quite a Lot of What You always wanted to know


Search Advice from the Cobb Group:

Subject directories, like Yahoo!, are the simplest types of Internet databases. They consist of documents that are usually reviewed before being entered into a database and that are identified by category, title, and a few keywords. Because most subject directories manually screen documents, these databases are relatively small compared to large keyword indexes like AltaVista and HotBot. However, subject directories can provide distinct advantages for finding information on the Internet. The hierarchical nature of subject directories can greatly reduce the odds of irrelevant information showing up in your search results. For example, if you go to Yahoo! and select the Magazines section in the Science category, you know you’ll find links to science magazines and not sports or cooking magazines.

Yahoo! also provides a unique search engine that lets you limit searches to a specific subject category. For instance, lets say you want to find some information on software applications for searching the Internet. From Yahoo!’s main page click the Software link under the Computers & Internet category. Yahoo! will display its Computers & Internet/Software page. Next use the dropdown box (to the right of the search query box) to select "Just this category. " Finally type in the query "searching" and click on the search button. Yahoo! will return a page that contains only matches about

search software. The Yahoo! Internet subject directory is located at


New Additions to NAIL Database - NARA

The National Archives and Record Administration has added the eight batch, containing thousands of digitized images, to their NARA Archival Information Locator (NAIL) database. Items include X-1 Correspondence;

Pribilof Island Logbooks and Photographs; the US Navy’s, "Report of the Search for Amelia Earhart, July 2-18, 1937;" 200 images of Southwestern Archaeology from the Bureau of Ethnology of the Smithsonian; and over 3,000 images from the Central Photographic File of the War Relocation Authority (WRA), 1942-1945. Directions for retrieving the featured items from the somewhat complicated NAIL database are provided. [MD] From the Scout Report


The Early Modern English Dictionaries Database (EMEDD)


Edited by Ian Lancashire of the Department of English at the University of Toronto this online database offers access to 127,000 word-entries from eleven dictionaries from 1530 to 1657. Several search options are available and users may select individual dictionaries or all of them. Additional resources at the site include a helpful overview of EMEDD, a short piece on Renaissance word-meaning, a select bibliography, and dictionary profiles. [MD] From the Scout Report


CurtainUp: The Internet Magazine of Theater Reviews and Features

This no-nonsense site is an outstanding guide to current theater in New York City, Washington D.C., and, to a lesser extent, London. Continually updated, the site’s features include extensive theater reviews, book reviews, interviews, and three quotation sections. Particularly useful are the Broadway, Off-Broadway, and D.C. annotated address books, which list dates and locations of performances and offer links to CurtainUp reviews. Additional features include master indices of all reviews and playwrights. Theater lovers or anyone interested in taking in a show in New York or Washington D.C. will find numerous useful items. [MD] From the Scout Report


The Code of Hammurabi


Provided by Law Research, a commercial Internet Law Library, this site combines abridged versions of 2500 BC The Code of Hammurabi Translated by L. W. King With commentary from Charles F. Horne, Ph.D. (1915) and the Rev. Claude Hermann Walter Johns’, "The Code of Hammurabi" in <I>The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,</I>.. Select commentary has been drawn from the original texts while the Code, the earliest-known body of written laws, is presented in very nearly its entirety. Government, world study, and introductory law courses should find this site a useful resource. [MD] From the Scout Report




CYBERPSYCHOLOGY & BEHAVIOR is a new, peer-reviewed journal for the mental health community devoted to the "impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society." Articles in its inaugural issue include "The Gender Gap in Internet Use," "Internet Addiction on Campus," "The Relationship Between Depression and Internet Addiction," and "A Review of Virtual Reality as a Psychotherapeutic Tool."

Cyberpsychology & Behavior [ISSN: 1094-9313] is published quarterly by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2 Madison Avenue, Larchmont, NY 10538; tel:

914-834-3100; fax: 914-834-3582; email:; Web:

From INFOBITS in May 1998.


Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

June 01, 1998

Barron’s Education Web Site (includes test preparation guidance)


Retrieving data from a Web site and displaying it in an Excel 97 workbook Excel 97’s Web Query feature allows you to grab information from a particular Web site and display it in your workbook. The program includes some sample Web queries you run can right away. To demonstrate, open a new workbook and issue the Data/Get External Data/Run Web Query... command. The Run Query dialog box will appear, displaying a list of predefined queries.

Select the one named Detailed Stock Quote by PC Quote, Inc.iqy and then click the Get Data button. In the next dialog box, choose Existing Sheet radio button, type A1 in the text box, and click OK. When the following dialog box appears, type the symbol for the stock in question. For instance, to query data for Ziff-Davis’ stock, type ZD, then click OK. Wait a moment while Excel connects to the Internet and grabs the statistics for

that stock. Once it’s finished, you’ll see formatted price information appear in your worksheet. Try experimenting with the other queries in the Run Query dialog box. To learn how to create your own Web Query (.iqy) files, refer to the Microsoft Knowledge Base article at To learn more about queries, refer to the information at the Microsoft site

>From the Cobb Group


What version of Windows 95 are you really running? QFE stands for Quick-Fix Engineering. When you run this tool, it searches through the Registry and the Windows and Systems folders, and reports its findings. If an updated file is missing, or if a mismatch occurs between the version stored on the disk and the information in the Registry, the Update Information Tool will let you know. This simple tool is a must-have for any system administrator. You can download the tool from the Microsoft Support Online site at

For more detailed information, see the Knowledge Base article "Windows 95 Update Information Tool" at

From-The Cobb Group’s Inside Microsoft Windows 95 journal


Finding those bad guys and good guys

Tracking down Web site contact information with InterNICs Whois database The Internet consist of about 30 million Internet hosts that provide easily accessible information to anyone with an Internet connection. But tracking down basic contact information from a Web site can often prove extremely difficult. Some Webmasters simply overlooked including contact information about their Web site or bury it on an obscure page. In other cases the site administrator might purposely avoid including contact information - for example, someone illegally publishing copyrighted material - in which case finding contact information for the ISP is also often difficult. In most cases you can track down contact information for a Web site with InterNIC’s Whois database.

What is Whois?

Whois server database programs were first set up in the 1970s to register host computers and administrators at various sites. InterNIC’s Whois service provides a way of finding e-mail addresses, postal addresses and telephone numbers of those who have registered "objects" with the InterNIC.

Using Whois, you can also determine whether a domain name you desire is already in use; you can learn who administers a particular site; and you can view a list of a site’s name servers. The InterNIC whois database islocated at

To search for contact information just enter the Web site domain name, but leave out WWW. For example to find the Web Host or ISP for the Web site enter the query InterNIC will display information about the do main, including postal address, administrative contact’s (the Webmaster) phone number and email address, and the technical contact’s (the Web Host or ISP) phone number and email address.


New York Public Library’s Digital Library Collections


The Florida Department of Corrections. This is a unique web site. It has a searchable inmate database. For some of you, this site may be useful in your research.

Use of distance education and applied technology is discussed at

The Annual Report is quite detailed at


You can purchase groceries from Albertsons via the web. Avoid those hot parking lots.

In particular go to


Action Atlas


National Foundation for the Treatment of Pain


Royal Horticultural Society


For Michele --- The Useless Facts Page

Useless sports facts are at



The sound recorder that comes pre-packaged with Windows 95 sucks (e.g., it is limited to 60 seconds of recording). I think Recall is the best buy on for audio recording. I received the following message from Jim Sells:

RecAll v2.3 Beta version Now Available (sound activated recording program)

A new release of RecAll will soon be ready. As a registered user, you are now invited to evaluate a beta release of this program before the official version release. (As you may know, a beta version of a software program is one that has finished testing within the software company (alpha test) and is ready for evaluation by users outside the software company. After fixing any problems that show up in the beta version, a "production" release version of the program is made available for general distribution.) If you do not care to try the beta version, look for an announcement for the official production release of version 2.3/1.3 in early May. As a registered user, you will be able to download the new version and it will automatically recognize the registration code already stored on your computer.

If you are interested in trying the beta version, and don’t mind the possibility of a few minor program bugs, you are invited to download the beta. Bug reports and comments are always welcome. (The beta version is not visible by browsing our main Web site. This is a closed beta program, only available to registered users.) If you do not wish to be notified of RecAll updates and are placed on this mail list by error, please reply to this message and request no RecAll update notices.

Information on how to download versions of the RecAll beta

for Win95 and WinNT4 are available at


Major features added:

1) Built-in timer: useful for recording and time-shifting radio programs, etc.

The timer has start and stop times, with the option of starting a new file when programming starts, and specifying a filename prefix for each timer-start event.

Some things fixed/improved:

1) "can’t find data chunk" error fixed.

2) Read-only sound files are handled correctly.

3) Save-As menu item now makes copy of file, instead of renaming file.

4) When pressing Fast-forward during playback, playback resumes after the position is advanced one segment. A similar thing happens with the Rewind button.

5) Resolved a problem with a particular MPEG ACM codec.

6) Increased resolution of Position slider, for easier navigation in very large files.

7) Show button keyboard accelerators in bubble-help, and resolve an accelerator conflict.

8) Renamed Level slider, in an attempt to reduce confusion, and now show Getting Started topic on first run of program which explains the operation of this control.

9) Added total-elapsed-recorded-time to main window display.

10)Fixed compatibility problem with SoundForge/CoolEdit due to inaccurate "Fact chunk" size estimate.

best regards,



Jim Sells Sagebrush Systems,Inc. More gadgets, more power

Unique Windows software or email for info
WinChime v2.4/v1.4 wind chimes; RecAll v2.2/v1.2 sound-activated recorder
WaveSong v2.4/v1.4 nature sound generator; MouSing v2.3/1.3 mouse-theremin


Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
Jesse H. Jones Distinguished Professor of Business Administration
Trinity University, San Antonio, TX 78212-7200
Voice: 210-736-7347 Fax: 210-736-8134  Email:

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

Bob Jensen's Index Page Bob Jensen's Bookmarks New Bookmark Archives

Hline.jpg (568 bytes)

For the April 1-June 30, 1998 Additions and Summaries scroll up this document 
For the other editions go to
For the full set of Bob Jensen's Bookmarks go to
    (The full set is never up to date with the latest additions to my New Bookmarks.)
Click here to go to Bob Jensen's home page