Tidbits on September 11, 2006
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Click here to search Bob Jensen's web site if you have key words to enter ---
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Bob Jensen's past presentations and lectures
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Bob Jensen's bogs and various threads on many topics ---
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Online Video, Slide Shows, and Audio
In the past I've provided links to various types of music and video available
free on the Web.
I created a page that summarizes those various links ---
From the University of Virginia (more than just an online
version of the book)
Uncle Tom’s Cabin & American Culture ---
Two 9/11 Videos ---
Holy Lemon Videos (often humorous and/or musical) ---
Free music downloads ---
In the past I've provided links to various types of music and video available
free on the Web.
I created a page that summarizes those various links ---
Historical Political Campaign Song Recordings
Getting the Message Out! National Political Campaign Materials, 1840- 1860 ---
Invented by Thomas Edison in 1877, the phonograph
was a device with a cylinder covered with a soft material such as tin foil,
lead, or wax on which a stylus drew grooves ---
The University of California at Santa Barbara has over 6,000 historic cylindars
that you can now listen to free over online
Cylindar Radio ---
The Eubie Blake Collection (Jazz Piano) ---
by Bob Dylan ---
Remember when (Jukebox Days) ---
Photographs and Art
Online Books, Poems, References, and Other Literature
In the past I've provided links to various types electronic literature available
free on the Web.
I created a page that summarizes those various links ---
From the University of Virginia (more than just an online
version of the book)
Uncle Tom’s Cabin & American Culture ---
From Virginia Commonwealth University
Blackbird: An Online Journal of Literature and the Arts ---
Commonwealth Writers Prize ---
The Adventure of the Blanched Soldier
by Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) ---
The Purloined Letter by Edgar
Allan Poe (1809-1849) ---
Photography Extraordinary by
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) ---
Through The Looking-Glass by
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) ---
Sandwiched between Painters and Reupholsters in the Classified Adds
Police in Bucks County have charged 12 women after an
investigation into prostitutes who allegedly have been advertising on the Web
site Craigslist ---
Yahoo News, "12 arrested for
prostitution ads on Web," September 9, 2006 ---
A lawyer is a gentleman who rescues your estate from
your enemies and keeps it for himself.
Lord Henry Brougham (1778 1868) ---
Still more alarming was last month's admission by
Interior Minister Patrick Dewael that 1,529 Belgian police stations has been
burgled from 2000 to 2004. The thieves made off with guns, ammunition,
bulletproof jackets, bicycles, flashlights and more, according to Belga, the
state news agency. And these weren't just small-town capers pulled off by
Belgian Barney Fifes: Nearly half of the 325 burglaries in 2004 were in the
capital Brussels (101) and the port city of Antwerp (55). Belgium is the butt of
a lot of jokes in Europe. But even Belgians have to be rolling their eyes at the
way their supposed defenders can't defend themselves.
"Belgian Insecurity," The Wall Street Journal, September 7, 2006 ---
We make war that we may live in peace.
There is nothing so likely to produce peace as to be
well prepared to meet the enemy.
George Washington ---
It is an unfortunate fact that we can secure peace
only by preparing for war.
John F. Kennedy ---
Every gun that is made, every warship launched,
every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger
and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is
not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius
of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all
in any true sense. Under the clouds of war, it is humanity hanging on a cross of
Dwight D. Eisenhower ---
When will our consciences grow so tender that we
will act to prevent human misery rather than avenge it?
Eleanor Roosevelt ---
Naturally the common people don't want war; neither
in Russia, nor in England, nor in America, nor in Germany. That is understood.
But after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine policy, and it is
always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy, or a
fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. Voice or no
voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is
easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce
the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It
works the same in any country.
Hermann Goering ---
The wave of the future is not the conquest of the
world by a single dogmatic creed but the liberation of the diverse energies of
free nations and free men.
John F. Kennedy ---
War is an ugly thing, but not the ugliest of things.
The decayed and degraded state of moral and patriotic feeling which thinks that
nothing is worth war is much worse. The person who has nothing for which he is
willing to fight, nothing which is more important than his own personal safety,
is a miserable creature, and has no chance of being free unless made or kept so
by the exertions of better men than himself.
John Stuart Mills ---
You can't say civilization don't advance -- for in
every war, they kill you in a new way.
Will Rogers ---
More Bias in the Press: This Time on Government Payola
Ten journalists, including two staffers with The Miami
Herald's Spanish-language sister paper, received a total of more than $300,000
from the U.S. government for working on a radio and TV station aimed at
undermining Cuba's communist government, the Herald reported Friday. Pablo
Alfonso, who reported on Cuba and wrote an opinion column for El Nuevo Herald,
was paid almost $175,000 since 2001 by the U.S. Office of Cuba Broadcasting to
host shows on Radio and TV Marti, according to government documents obtained by
The Miami Herald. Olga Connor, a freelance reporter who wrote about Cuban
culture for El Nuevo Herald, received about $71,000, and staff reporter Wilfredo
Cancio Isla, who covered the Cuban exile community and politics, was paid almost
$15,000 in the last five years, The Miami Herald reported. Alberto Mascaro,
chief of staff of the U.S. Cuban broadcasting office, confirmed to The
Associated Press that all 10 journalists had received payments but said he did
not have the details and declined to comment further.
Laura Wides-Munoz, "Report: Miami journalists on U.S. government payroll,"
Palm Beach Post, September 9, 2006 ---
Pay to stop Africa migrants, Gaddafi tells Europe
European nations should pay 10 billion euros ($12.7
billion dollars) a year to Africa to help it stop migrants seeking a better life
flooding northwards into Europe, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi said on Saturday.
ADVERTISEMENT In a speech to an African Union (AU) ceremony, Gaddafi added that
African and European leaders should meet soon to discuss the phenomenon, which
has soared to unprecedented levels and touched off internal political disputes
in many European states. "In our final statement we will ask Europe to pay 10
billion euros per year if it really wants to stop migration toward Europe,"
"Pay to stop Africa migrants, Gaddafi tells Europe," Yahoo News,
September 10, 2006 ---
Life would be fantastic if it only took money to stamp out poverty enough to end
illegal immigration. But throwing money at corrupt regimes in Africa, Latin
America, and Asia will hardly solve illegal immigration or its root poverty
causes. It will only make brutal dictators richer and fan the fires of civil war
unless miracles accompany the thrown dollars. Even working with programs that
send goods (like tractors and seeds) won't work if enormous bribes must be paid
to corrupt officials who care little about their poor and suffering brethren.
Most of the $12.7 billion sent to Africa would boomerang back to hidden Swiss
bank accounts, Paris boutiques, and Europe's luxury hotels.
It was to be "The Mother of All Raids" (ghazvat al-gha
zavat) that would bring down "The House of the Spider" as promised by the sheik
in his mountain hideout. The "raid" would terrify the "infidel" and hasten his
demise just as the armies of Islam had destroyed the Persian and Byzantine
empires with a series of ghazavat 14 centuries ago. This time, the empire that
would crumble under the weight of Islam's attack was the American "Great Satan,"
which had been running away from its enemies for decades. It had run away from
Saigon, Tehran, Beirut, Mogadishu, Kohbar and Aden. Even when attacked in the
heart of New York, its real capital city, it had done little more than nurse its
chagrin with petulance. History, however, is never written in advance. And this
time the "cowardly infidel," far from running away, decided to return and hit
back. And hit back hard. A war that was to see several sobriquets, the latest
being "the war against Islamofascism," had begun. Within weeks, the sheik's
hideout in Afghanistan had been invaded and its rulers sent scurrying in all
directions. IT was to be "The Mother of All Raids" (ghazvat al-gha zavat) that
would bring down "The House of the Spider" as promised by the sheik in his
mountain hideout. The "raid" would terrify the "infidel" and hasten his demise
just as the armies of Islam had destroyed the Persian and Byzantine empires with
a series of ghazavat 14 centuries ago. This time, the empire that would crumble
under the weight of Islam's attack was the American "Great Satan," which had
been running away from its enemies for decades. It had run away from Saigon,
Amir Taheri, "Osama's Error," The New York Post, September 11, 2006 ---
Bush is Worse Than Bin Laden
Mark Finkelstein in the Boston Globe, September 11, 2006 ---
If Mr. Rumsfeld is so concerned with comparisons to
World War II, he should explain why our troops have now been fighting in Iraq
longer than it took our forces to defeat the Nazis in Europe.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi as quoted by Anne Plummer Flaherty, The
Sun, September 7, 2006 ---
What a dumb comment! Firstly, "our troops" did not defeat the Nazis in World War
II. It was an allied effort and the credit for inflicting the most damage to
Germany without doubt was Russia. Certainly the United States and various other
nations contributed greatly to the victorious outcome, but "our troops" did not
defeat the Nazis. Secondly, if Russia and (former?) European allies plunged into
the Iraq war like they did in World War II, the Iraq War would've probably ended
in less than a year. Thirdly, however devastating the cost in money and lives
might be to date in Iraq, the toll of dead soldiers and civilians is miniscule
compared to World War II ---
Some 62 million people, or 2.5% of the world
population, died in the war, though
greatly - about 25 million soldiers and 37 million civilians. This total
includes the estimated 12 million lives lost in the Holocaust.
Of the total deaths in World War II
approximately 80% were on the Allied side and 20% on the Axis side.
Allied forces suffered approximately 17 million
military deaths, of which about 10 million were Soviet and 4 million
Chinese. Axis forces suffered about 8 million, of which more than 5 million
were German. The Soviet Union suffered by far the largest death toll of any
nation in the war; around 23 million people died in the Soviet Union,
including more than 12 million civilians. Some modern estimates double the
number of Chinese casualties originally mentioned.
The dead and missing among Allied uniformed
personnel totaled about 14.2 million, including about 10 million from the
USSR, 2.5 million from China, 400,000 from the British Commonwealth, 400,000
from the U.S., 400,000 from Poland, 300,000 from Yugoslavia, and 250,000
from France. The Axis military lost about 8.5 million including 5.5 million
from Germany, 2.0 million from Japan, and 400,000 from Italy.
About 49 million deaths were civilians, who died as
a result of disease, starvation,
genocide (in particular,
the Holocaust), massacres, and
aerial bombing. One estimate is that 12 million
civilians died in the camps, 1.5 million by bombs, 7 million in Europe from
other causes, and 7.5 million in China from other causes. Allied civilian
deaths came to about 38 million, including Soviet Union (20 million), China
(10 million), Poland (4.1 million) and Yugoslavia (1.7 million). There were
about 11 million civilian deaths on the Axis side, including Germany (6.5
million) Japan (2.0 Million), Italy (500,000) and Romania (500,000). The
Holocaust refers to the organized state-sponsored murder of 6 million Jews,
Roma people, and other ethnic minorities and
political opponents carried out by the Nazis during the war.
Liberal Educators Not Welcome in Iranian Colleges: Where Academic Freedom
of Speech No Longer Exists
Iran's hardline President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad called
Tuesday for a purge of liberal and secular teachers from the country's
universities, the official Islamic Republic News Agency reported in another step
back to 1980s-style radicalism.
Nasser Karimi, "Ahmadinejad calls for purge of liberal teachers," CNews,
September 5, 2006 ---
Academic Freedom, Iranian Style ---
Speaking to a group of students Tuesday, Ahmadinejad called on them to pressure
his administration to keep driving out moderate instructors, a process that
began earlier this year. Dozens of liberal university professors and teachers
were sent into retirement this year after Ahmadinejad's administration, sparking
strong protests from students, named the first cleric to head Teheran
Update on Future Space War: It's Not Just a Game
"Iran's space program: The next genie in a bottle?" by Lee Kass, Free
Republic, September 8, 2006 ---
External support continues to help advance Iran's
space effort. Teheran is advancing its space program to satisfy numerous
civil and military objectives, including manufacturing satellites to
accurately guide its Shahab ballistic missiles. The United States and Israel
remain gravely concerned about Iranian efforts to gain more military power.
The Iranian space endeavor mimics a disturbing
pattern other countries use clandestinely to advance their long-range
missile programs. Iran might reengineer the Shahab to carry future
satellites and try to obtain significant political rewards from future
satellite launches. Exploiting this event would unite Iran politically,
complicating Washington's regional objective, and further destabilizing the
In slightly different ways and to varying degrees
of success, China, North Korea, and Pakistan use a civil space program
clandestinely to manufacture longer-range missiles to further safeguard
national security. Iran seeks to become a space power for similar reasons.
Unlike other Islamic countries with satellites, the
Iranian defense ministry plays a prominent role in shaping the space effort
with possible contributions from the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC).
This military component manages the Shahab ballistic missile program, which
Iran might modify into a space launch vehicle (SLV) with foreign support.
Enhancing the Shahab to become satellite-guided
would allow Iran to strike Israel and United States military forces
stationed throughout the region precisely. Statements from Iran's president,
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who declared his intention to "wipe Israel off the map"
and dismissed the United States as a "hollow superpower," heighten the level
Iran might seek to develop a space program to
improve national pride. Successfully testing a launch vehicle would allow
Iran to boast that it is a space power. The propaganda Teheran espouses
following this event might unite the country. This would further legitimize
Ahmadinejad's policies and rhetoric, and generate greater regional and
international fear regarding the regime's intentions.
Iranian efforts to exploit space began under the
Shah, who tried to improve his country's scientific standing. In 1959,
Teheran became a founding member of the United Nations' Committee on the
Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UNCOPUOS). The United Nations' General
Assembly requested that UNCOPUOS review international collaborative programs
to exploit space for civil purposes, serve as a forum for information
exchanges, and encourage the development and facilitate the advancement of
national programs to study outer space.
The fact that Iranian efforts to exploit space
started over thirty years ago demonstrates that the country put a premium on
further understanding this arena. Iran built a facility to obtain
photographs soon after the United States launched the first system designed
to capture imagery of the Earth. The Iranian Remote Sensing Center (IRSC) is
responsible for gathering, processing, and distributing relevant material to
users throughout the country for resource planning and management. The IRSC
helps officials determine suitable areas to develop, and its personnel
maintained operations while the country experienced a revolution and a
devastating conflict with neighboring Iraq.
Continued in article
As President Bush's political career draws to a close over the next two years,
it makes little sense to focus elections on his mistakes of the past. He made
some huge mistakes. His father made mistakes. Bill Clinton made some huge
mistakes. Jimmy Carter made some enormous mistakes dealing with Iran that
confined him to a single term as President of the United States. There's now
wearisome political debate over the lack of ties between al Qaeda and
Saddam. Saddam is history! Without doubt Iraq is now a major base for al Qaeda
and other terrorist groups. Our abrupt cutting and running will energize
terrorists and give them a safe haven for training and coordinating future
My point is that Bush's decision to take out Saddam undoubtedly strengthened
the terrorist bases in Iraq. The terrorists would've had a more difficult time
with Saddam than they do in the disarray of Iraq today. Certainly the new Iraq
army will be more helpless in squashing the terror groups than President
Mousharif is today in Pakistan where terror groups are gaining a larger and more
dangerous stronghold as well. As long as Jihad's terrorists have victorious
(over the U.S.) freedom in Iraq and Pakistan they will continue to train, arm,
and carry on a worldwide propaganda war to win converts to violent Jihad. To
those that want us entirely out of Iraq I say be careful what you wish for
because you may get it!
It may have been President Bush who played into terrorist hands by taking out
Saddam, but that's history! Our worry is with terrorism of the future given the
bases of terror that are growing by double digits at the moment, especially in
Iraq. We're losing the propaganda war by focusing on the past rather than the
future. Our surrender in Iraq will fan the fires of violent Jihad.
Taking out an aging Osama Bin Laden may further fan those fires of Jihad.
Keeping Bin Laden alive in some cave may be more of an asset to us than a
liability at this point in time. Keeping terrorists at bay in Iraq is far more
important. The USA is the Great Satan that will not be hated any less by
abruptly surrendering in Iraq. We will be loved by Islamic extremists only when
our economy implodes and only illiterate harems wearing burkas are allowed on
the streets while accompanied by their ruling husbands.
A Court Decision Allowing Guns on Campus
The state's highest court ruled Friday that the
University of Utah has no right to ban guns on campus, rejecting the argument
that prohibiting firearms is part of the school's power to control academic
affairs. Writing for the 4-1 majority, Utah Supreme Court Justice Jill Parrish
said case law "is incompatible with the university's position." "We simply
cannot agree with the proposition that the Utah Constitution restricts the
Legislature's ability to enact firearms laws pertaining to the university,"
Pamela Manson and Sheena McFarland, "Court shoots down U. gun ban Justices say
school no exception to Utah law; case goes back to feds, "The Salt Lake
Tribune," September 9, 2006 ---
Indiana University Health Center: Coping with Starting College
CatsCradle 3.5 ---
Many websurfers enjoy going to sites that might be based
in other countries, and as such, they might very well encounter a different
language. With CatsCradle 3.5, these persons need worry no more, as this
application can be used to translate entire websites in such languages as Thai,
Chinese, Japanese, and Russian. This version is compatible with all computers
running Windows XP or 2000. (Scout Report, September 1, 2006)
Bob Jensen's search helpers are at
What not to say to your professor/instructor
Top Ten No Sympathy Lines (Plus a Few Extra) ---
Here are some samples:
Think of it as a TOP TEN list with a few bonus items:
- This Course Covered Too Much Material...
- The Expected Grade Just for Coming to Class is
- I Disagreed With the Professor's Stand on ----
- Some Topics in Class Weren't on the Exams
- Do You Give Out a Study Guide?
- I Studied for Hours
- I Know The Material - I Just Don't Do Well on
- I Don't Have Time For All This (...but you
don't understand - I have a job.)
- Students Are Customers
- Do I Need to Know This?
- There Was Too Much Memorization
- This Course Wasn't Relevant
- Exams Don't Reflect Real Life
- I Paid Good Money for This Course and I
Deserve a Good Grade
- All I Want Is The Diploma
RateMyProfessors has some real-world examples of comments that professors
hated even worse ---
A few samples are shown below:
- You can't cheat in her class because no one knows the answers.
- His class was like milk, it was good for 2 weeks.
- Houston, we have a problem. Space cadet of a teacher, isn't quite
attached to earth.
- I would have been better off using the tuition money to heat my
apartment last winter.
- Three of my friends got A's in his class and my friends are dumb.
- Emotional scarring may fade away, but that big fat F on your transcript
- Evil computer science teaching robot who crushes humans for pleasure.
- Miserable professor - I wish I could sum him up without foul language.
- Instant amnesia walking into this class. I swear he breathes sleeping
- BORING! But I learned there are 137 tiles on the ceiling.
- Not only is the book a better teacher, it also has a better personality.
- Teaches well, invites questions and then insults you for 20 minutes.
- This teacher was a firecracker in a pond of slithery tadpoles.
- I learned how to hate a language I already know.
- Very good course, because I only went to one class.
- He will destroy you like an academic ninja.
- Bring a pillow.
- Your pillow will need a pillow.
- If I was tested on her family, I would have gotten an A.
- She hates you already.
I remember one of mine evaluations that read: "The best thing about the
course is that classes sometimes ended early."
One of my colleagues received one that read: "Until I took this course
I did not know that leisure suits came in so many different shades of pastel."
Years ago one of my econometrics professors received the following comment:
"After the first minute of the course he turned toward the blackboard and we
never again laid eyes upon his front side."
Ghost Writers in the Sky
How easy is it to hire out term paper and other assignments?
"At $9.95 a Page, You Expected Poetry?" by Charles McGrath, The New York
Times, September 10, 2006 ---
Well, no, she won’t — not if she’s enterprising
enough to enlist
Term Paper Relief to write it for her. For $9.95 to a page she can
obtain an “A-grade” paper that is fashioned to order and “completely
non-plagiarized.” This last detail is important. Thanks to search engines
like Google, college instructors have become adept at spotting those
shop-worn, downloadable papers that circulate freely on the Web, and can
even finger passages that have been ripped off from standard texts and
A grade-conscious student these days seems to need
a custom job, and to judge from the number of services on the Internet,
there must be virtual mills somewhere employing armies of diligent scholars
who grind away so that credit-card-equipped undergrads can enjoy more
carefree time together.
How good are the results? With first semester just
getting under way at most colleges, bringing with it the certain prospect of
both academic and social pressure, The Times decided to undertake an
experiment in quality control of the current offerings. Using her own name
and her personal e-mail address, an editor ordered three English literature
papers from three different sites on standard, often-assigned topics: one
comparing and contrasting Huxley’s “Brave New World” and Orwell’s “1984”;
one discussing the nature of Ophelia’s madness in “Hamlet”; and one
exploring the theme of colonialism in Conrad’s “Lord Jim.”
A small sample, perhaps, but one sufficient, upon
perusal, to suggest that papers written to order are just like the ones
students write for themselves, only more so — they’re poorly organized,
awkwardly phrased, thin on substance, but masterly in the ancient arts of
padding and stating and restating the obvious.
If they’re delivered, that is. The “Lord Jim”
essay, ordered from
never arrived, despite repeated entreaties, and the
excuse finally offered was a high-tech variant of “The dog ate my homework.”
The writer assigned to the task, No. 3323, was “obviously facing some
technical difficulties,” an e-mail message explained, “and cannot upload
your paper.” The message went on to ask for a 24-hour extension, the
wheeziest stratagem in the procrastinator’s arsenal, invented long before
the electronic age.
The two other papers came in on time, and each
grappled, more or less, with the assigned topic. The Orwell/Huxley essay,
prepared by Term Paper Relief and a relative bargain at $49.75 for five
pages, begins: “Although many similarities exist between Aldous Huxley’s ‘A
Brave New World’ and George Orwell’s ‘1984,’ the works books [sic] though
they deal with similar topics, are more dissimilar than alike.” That’s
certainly a relief, because we couldn’t have an essay if they weren’t.
Elsewhere the author proves highly adept with the
“on the one hand/on the other” formula, one of the most valuable tools for a
writer concerned with attaining his assigned word count, and says, for
example, of “Brave New World”: “Many people consider this Huxley’s most
important work: many others think it is his only work. This novel has been
praised and condemned, vilified and glorified, a source of controversy, a
subject for sermons, and required reading for many high school students and
college undergraduates. This novel has had twenty-seven printings in the
United States alone and will probably have twenty-seven more.”
The obvious point of comparison between the two
novels is that where Orwell’s world is an authoritarian, police-state
nightmare, Huxley’s dystopia is ostensibly a paradise, with drugs and sex
available on demand. A clever student might even pick up some extra credit
by pointing out that while Orwell meant his book as a kind of predictive
warning, it is Huxley’s world, much more far-fetched at the time of writing,
that now more nearly resembles our own.
The essay never exactly makes these points, though
it gets close a couple of times, declaring at one point that “the two works
vary greatly.” It also manages to remind us that Orwell’s real name was Eric
Blair and that both he and his book “are misunderstood to this day.”
Continued in article
Bob Jensen's threads on cheating in higher education are at
I wonder what it might take to have a research paper written and published so a
poor professor can get a better raise or maybe even tenure? At worst it could
give that professor with writer's block a booster paper that can be embellished.
Think of the possibilities. Maybe us retired professors should hire out, but
certainly not for ten bucks per page. This is only idle speculation since
absolutely no instructor wants a term paper on FAS 133. Sigh!
September 10, 2006 reply from Alexander Robin A
The existence of term paper writing services is
evidence that the students don't see value in the process of writing the
paper other than to have it done and get a grade. Presumably, there is value
in creating a term paper or they should not be assigned.
But such assignments and student attempts to
circumvent them point to the fundamental problem with the entire educational
system: it ignores a fundamental reality that people learn when they want to
learn and are excited and/or curious about what they are learning. Schools,
through the use of forced assignments, lockstep classes rewards and
punishments methodically extinguish young people's natural curiosity so that
by the time they reach college, where I taught, I found that the desire to
learn for its own sake was almost entirely absent in most students. Thus the
popularity of finding various "easy ways" to get assignments done.
Obviously, changing this situation will require a
massive effort and a dramatic change in mindset about education. I don't
expect to see it in my lifetime.
September 10, 2006 reply from Elliot Kamlet
I think a more fundamental question comes from the
students - who are in one sense our customers. In speaking to a group of
students, I observed that education is an unusual commodity. The less we
supply, the happier our customers are. If a professor cancels class, no one
says it's unfair since they paid for a full semester of classes.
A student observed that perhaps the customer does
not want the education - just the course credit (with a A grade) leading to
September 10, 2006 reply from MacEwan Wright, Victoria University
I second Elliot's view. Students who fail will
spend more time and effort on persuading the system it is all a ghastly
mistake than they do on attempting to pass. I recently had a student
complain that I told him to come to my office prepared to convince me that
he should be given a pass in a subject. Then when he attended, he was asked
questions about the subject. This was unfair.
The only good news is that the ghosts appear to be
as bad as the students, and this despite the "Written by PhD's "A"s
guaranteed advertising. The potential legal implications are interesting.
Bob Jensen's threads on cheating in higher education are at
What states have the best and worst report cards in higher education?
Relative to other nations, the U.S. as a whole rises up to an average grade
"Mediocre Grades for Colleges," by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed,
September 7, 2006 ---
“Measuring Up 2006: The National Report Card on
Higher Education” assigns the United States and individual states grades in
various categories that reflect how well they do at preparing students for
college, having affordable higher education systems, and various other
criteria. There aren’t a lot of candidates for the dean’s list. While the
report found progress in some areas over the time period that the center has
been producing these report cards (this is the fourth biennial study), in
other areas, especially related to costs, states appear to be backsliding.
Patrick M. Callan, president of the center, started
a press briefing Wednesday on the report by noting the “even the harshest
critics” of American higher education tend to preface their analyses by
praising the system at the “best in the world.” The report, which includes
international comparisons for the first time, “suggests otherwise,” Callan
What the data suggest, Callan said, is a system in
which American higher education is resting on its laurels from the period of
time before the rest of the world started to pay attention to higher
education. This is clear when one compares adult populations as a whole to
younger adults who more recently were in — or had the potential to be in —
college. The United States is second in the world in percentage of adults
aged 35 to 64 holding a college degree, but seventh among those 25 to 34. In
addition, the data note that Americans are better at starting college than
finishing it. The U.S. ranks 5th in the world in the percentage of young
adults enrolled in college, but 16th in degrees per students enrolled.
The report card is best known for its grades for
individual states — and the grades were particular poor for affordability,
with 43 states receiving an F and no states earning an A or a B. Grades are
based on a series of factors designed to avoid single national standards,
while attempting to hold lawmakers accountable. So for affordability, for
example, the study considers among other factors the percentage of family
income required to pay net costs of attending a four-year college. This
approach is designed not to punish states that have high tuition but high
aid or to penalize states with low income and low tuition. The study found
numerous states where this percentage is going up, where aid is increasingly
focused on merit, and where tuition is increasing faster than sources of
Callan said that on affordability, there is plenty
of blame to go around. The federal government has failed to keep Pell
Grants’ value rising with the cost of attending college. But he said that
more Pell funds alone wouldn’t solve the problems because with rising
tuition rates, “all the new money gets absorbed.” He called for a push by
colleges to limit increases, while federal and state governments try to
provide more need-based aid.
The report looks both at state totals and also at
subgroups, with states earning better grades if they don’t have large gaps
in the performance of different racial and ethnic groups. Generally, the
report found that such gaps are widespread and significant. In New Jersey,
for example, the enrollment rate for white 18- to 24-year olds is 47
percent, compared to 27 percent for others. In Colorado, the rates are 40
percent for whites and 17 percent for others.
While Callan said that he was saddened by the lack
of progress on affordability, there were other categories in which states
demonstrated more progress. On various measures of college completion, 35
states have improved in more than half of the measures used. On measures
that go into the preparation grade, 45 states have improved on more than
half of the measures.
One of the newer features of the report card is an
analysis of learning that takes place in college, where the center does not
award letter grades but gives a + to some states and an incomplete grade to
others. In 2000, the center awarded incomplete grades to every state,
finding that none of them had good systems in place to measure what students
actually learn in a way that could be compared from state to state. This
year, nine states earned a + for participating in programs that allow for
such comparisons, through analyses of the literacy and mathematical skills
of graduates and the adult population, passage rates on licensure
examinations, admissions to competitive graduate schools and various other
The Secretary of Education’s Commission on the Future of Higher Education,
which Callan has advised, has made a priority of
pushing colleges to identify and to start using ways to measure learning.
While there was much talk during the commission’s deliberations of having
some test, the panel did not recommend that any single measure, but called
on colleges to have easily understood, consumer-oriented tools that would
allow prospective students and their families, as well as the government,
figure out what happens during the years of an undergraduate education.
Supporters of this push talked about the need for standards and
accountability, while critics — especially amid discussion of possible
national tests — cautioned against trying to measure all colleges in the
Callan said that he saw a great deal of “synergy”
between the ideas he was pushing on measuring student learning and those
advocated by the commission.
With the ground covered by the commission, Callan
said, “the argument that this can’t be done without destroying higher
education or dumbing it down is pretty much dead in the water.” Callan noted
that the comparisons the center uses aren’t one single test, but a variety
of measures. Still, they are comparable across the country and that’s key,
he said. “At the end of the day, if you can’t compare, you don’t know very
much,” he said.
The following table features the state-by-state
grades. Detailed reports will be available later today on the center’s Web
State Grades in Measuring Up 2006
Bob Jensen's threads on higher education controversies at
Bias in Elite School Admissions: Target Dumb Kids of the Rich and
Over more than 20 years, Duke transformed itself from a
Southern school to a premier national institution with the help of a winning
strategy: targeting rich students whose families could help build up its
endowment. At the same time, and in a similar way, Brown University, eager to
shed its label as one of the weakest schools in the Ivy League, bolstered its
reputation by recruiting kids with famous parents. While celebrities don't often
contribute financially, they generate invaluable publicity.
Daniel Golden, "How Lowering the Bar Helps Colleges Prosper: Duke and
Brown Universities Rise in Prestige In Part by Wooing Kids of Hollywood,
Business Elite; A Debate Over Michael Ovitz's Son," The Wall Street Journal,
September 9, 2006; Page A1 ---
At Harvard, over 50% of million-dollar donors got at least one of their
children into Harvard
"Price of Admission: By the Numbers," The Wall Street Journal,
September 9, 2006 ---
Bob Jensen's threads on "silver spoon admissions" are at
"Silver Spoon Admissions," by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed,
September 5, 2006 ---
Though Ovitz’s son was admitted, under special
status, he didn’t last long at Brown and left. Ovitz’s daughter followed,
apparently with more success. And Brown also gained, as the book describes
Brown President Ruth Simmons gushing over Ovitz for arranging a campus
appearance in which he appeared with Dustin Hoffman, and for hosting a
reception for her at Ovitz’s Brentwood mansion.
Neither Ovitz nor Brown University officials would
respond to calls to ask about their reactions to the description of their
The Price of Admission: How America’s Ruling Class Buys Its Way Into Elite
Colleges — and Who Gets Left Outside the Gates (Random House).
Daniel Golden, the author, won a Pulitzer Prize for
exploring some of these issues
in The Wall Street Journal, but his book contains numerous
investigations that have not appeared previously, and that are bound to be
. . .
That American higher education is not a pure
meritocracy is, of course, hardly news. But Golden’s book has a level of
detail about the degree to which he says some colleges favor the privileged
that will embarrass many an admissions officer. Golden names names of
students — and includes details about their academic records before college
and once there that raise questions about the admissions decisions being
made. For good measure, he attacks Title IX (saying that the women’s teams
colleges create favor wealthy, white applicants), preferences for faculty
children (ditto, although substitute middle class for wealthy), and accuses
colleges of making Asian applicants the “new Jews” and holding them to much
higher standards than other students.
Even before its official release, The Price of
Admission is causing considerable fear among the admissions officers of
elite colleges. If you want to see an admissions dean really happy, tell her
that you can’t find her institution in the index. The preferences
highlighted in this book are the admissions preferences that college
officials don’t like to talk about (except perhaps at reunion weekend).
Presidents and deans in many cases welcome the opportunity to talk about why
they want racial or socioeconomic or geographic diversity in their classes,
why it is important that a class include enough string players for the
orchestra and enough running backs for the football team. Who hasn’t heard
an admissions story about recruiting a tuba player from Wyoming — as the
perfect symbol of the art and science of constructing a class.
But preferences for the rich and famous, or
generous alumni donors? That’s not something people like to talk about.
Several deans accused Golden of taking the admissions process out of context
(they said the numbers of rich who benefit are small), or being naive (when
a billionaire is admitted to the ER, is treatment the same as that for an
average Joe?), and of neglecting history (the preferences Golden described
were far worse a few generations back). Some argued that it would be racist
to eliminate preferences for the children of wealthy alumni now, when for
the first time there are starting to be significant numbers of wealthy
alumni who aren’t white.
Others disputed some details about their
institutions, but most acknowledged that the book is likely to increase
scrutiny of their practices — whatever they think of the fairness of the
book and its message.
A chapter about Duke University, for example, says
that a few years back the institution spread the word among private high
schools that it wanted “development admits,” those whose families had the
potential to become big donors, and that strong academic credentials weren’t
Christoph Guttentag, dean of undergraduate
admissions, said that while the book says this started prior to his arrival,
it doesn’t ring true to him. “It’s certainly not my experience and it
doesn’t feel right to me as a description of what was happening,” he said.
He acknowledged that Duke does consider — “for a
small number of students” — the ability of their families to make
contributions (financial and otherwise) to the university, but he stressed
that he regularly “says No” to requests on behalf of such applicants, and
that only those capable of doing well in Duke’s classrooms are admitted.
Asked whether it was fair to do so, even for a small number, he started by
talking about how this was similar to the way he considers requests from
academic departments, supporters of extracurricular groups, coaches, and
others. But he paused when told that all of those potential candidates
contributed — at least in theory — to the educational environment for all
students by virtue of their skills or interests. Isn’t money different?
Said Guttentag: “I don’t think there is a selective
private university that is the kind of university we are that to one degree
or another doesn’t do this, with the understanding that ultimately the
university as a whole and the students benefit from the facilities or
financial aid [donated]. When there is a significant financial interest in
the university, that’s one of the things we take into account.”
Continued in article
Bob Jensen's threads on higher education controversies are at
Life Experience Work Around of California's Ban on Affirmative Action
"UCLA Revamps Admissions," by Rob Capriccioso, Inside Higher Ed,
September 8, 2006 ---
The number of black students at the University of
California at Los Angeles
plummeted since the voter-approved Proposition 209
outlawed the use of race in admissions decisions beginning in 1996. The
projected in June that fewer than than 100 black
first-year students planned to enroll this fall, which amounts to less than
2 percent of the class. More than 200 black students were part of the fall
1997 class. Administrators say that the numbers of African American students
at the institution are now at the lowest levels since the 1970s.
Alarm bells have been increasingly ringing on
campus regarding a situation that’s had many black alumni and business
leaders calling for a revamp in admissions policies. And UCLA’s Ralph J.
Bunche Center for African American Studies
released a report this month that said
“[r]esegregation began 10 years ago with the implementation of Proposition
209” and called for administrators to find ways to address that concern.
Some administrators felt constrained to do so under
the confines of the law, which does not allow for special consideration of
race in the admissions process. Now, with support from many of the
institution’s top administrators, some believe that a new admissions model
may help turn the numbers around — although campus officials insist that
isn’t the main goal.
The renovation would be modeled on the University
of California at Berkeley’s current admissions process, adopted after
Proposition 209 passed. That institution’s policies call for consideration
of students’ achievements in the context of their life experiences. A UCLA
faculty committee has already approved the framework that could lead to a
change as early as this fall for students seeking to enroll in fall of 2007.
Two more faculty committees are scheduled to vote on the matter by month’s
end. Acting Chancellor Norman Abrams, too, has voiced his support for a
“We’re very excited,” said Janina Montero, vice
chancellor for student affairs at UCLA. “It’s intended to provide a broader
view of each applicant.”
Montero said that all students would benefit from a
“holistic approach” in reviewing applications — in which academic
achievements, personal achievements and life challenges would be used as
interdependent determining factors for admittance. The institution had
already adopted a policy post-Proposition 209 that it described as being
“holistic” as well. However, the past policy had different admissions
officers weighing the separate admissions criteria independently of one
another. Under the new approach, the same admissions officer would look at
all three areas and have more leeway in assessing an application’s overall
Montero also noted the low number of African
Americans who are now enrolled at the institution. “It’s a big concern,” she
said. “The numbers this year reached a crisis point.”
Ward Connerly, a former regent with the UC system
who helped create Proposition 209 and is generally critical of affirmative
action, said that he believed the university’s response was racially
motivated, rather than meant to help the whole student body. “I don’t think
they should be disingenous about that,” he said.
Still, Connerly said he doesn’t oppose the plan,
since he believes “the campus should have more flexibility ... as long as
they follow the law.” He said that all low-income and rural students could
have an advantage under the new system, regardless of their race.
Montero said that the university “will meet the
law.” “We want to be fair to all students,” she said. She also said that
community members and alumni could do more than the university in increasing
minority enrollment by holding fund raisers, creating scholarships, and
helping students at low-income high schools realize their options.
Adrienne Lavine, the departing chair of UCLA’s
Academic Senate and an engineering professor, said that there is no way “to
predict how this could impact underrepresented minorities.” “I’m not sure it
will increase our minority admittance,” she said. “But I would be thrilled
if it did have a positive effect.”
Montero said that if the faculty committees
ultimately approve a new plan and hammer out its details, new admissions
training and guidance from the Berkeley campus would be needed. The aim, she
said, would be to have the reformatted admissions process up and running for
applicants this fall.
Bob Jensen's threads on affirmative action controversies in college
admissions are at
Teaching Excellence Secondary to Research for Promotion, Tenure, and Pay
"Teaching versus Research: Does It Have To Be That Way?" by Lucas Carpenter,
Emory University ---
What should be glaringly apparent to our new
president--and to us--is that the two reports and their recommendations are,
if one switches the words research and teaching, virtual mirror images of
one another. For example, the Commission on Teaching concludes that research
expectations detract from the quality of a faculty member's teaching, while
the Commission on Research asserts that teaching loads interfere with
faculty research and scholarship. Both want more financial support and
greater recognition for research/teaching. Both want research/teaching to
weigh more heavily in the tenure and promotion process.
Needless to say, no faculty is composed entirely of
stellar scholars and researchers. Where the problems arise is with junior
faculty, who at Emory are "officially" expected to excel both as researchers
and teachers but who in reality receive mixed signals from their departments
and senior colleagues. Is it even realistic to expect that everyone can
succeed at both? There are also problems with regard to how teaching and
research are evaluated at Emory. With regard to research, the benchmark is
still juried publication of articles and books, with little inclination to
consider alternatives. Teaching, too, is measured almost exclusively by
student evaluations, which are problematic instruments at best, especially
since students are now aware of how crucial their evaluations can be in
cases of promotion and tenure and can use this awareness to intimidate
junior faculty and to promote grade inflation.
Continued in article
Although Professor Carpenter makes an appeal to link research to
undergraduate studies, the fact of the matter is that most academic research
of merit in academe is too esoteric and too advanced to fit into an
undergraduate curriculum. More often than not it is impractical to bring
undergraduates up to a level where some narrow, esoteric study can be
comprehended without an unrealistic amount of preparatory study.
Professors pressured for esoteric research often begrudge the time it
takes to excel in undergraduate teaching. Professors engaged in scholarship
for teaching begrudge the time and effort and personal sacrifice required
for risky research endeavors that, in most instances, have a low probability
of acceptance in top refereed journals.
When push comes to shove in most tenure, promotion, and pay decisions in
major colleges, research wins out over teaching. A minimum threshold may be
required for teaching quality, but beyond that research and publication take
priority such that giving added time for greater teaching excellence is not
rewarded relative to research and publication effort.
"Harvard studies ways to promote teaching," by Marcella Bombardieri,
Inside Higher Ed, September 5, 2006 ---
Harvard University today begins a new effort to
figure out how to improve teaching and make it a bigger factor in whether
professors get tenure or raises.
If successful, the initiative could counter
Harvard's image as a school that allows professors to neglect undergraduates
in favor of the research that wins them grants, book prizes, and fame.
Harvard officials also hope to spur changes at
universities around the country. Nationally, American higher education is
drawing accusations of smugness and complacency. A report from a panel
established by US Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings said colleges
and universities should be more accountable for students' learning.
``I think the quality of education is going to get
more and more important," said interim Harvard president Derek Bok, noting
that globalization has boosted the competition that American graduates face
in the workforce. ``We see this as a real opportunity to try to improve what
we do for undergraduates."
Harvard's new task force on teaching and career
development, which meets for the first time today , will cover the Faculty
of Arts and Sciences, home to Harvard's undergraduate and doctoral programs.
The task force's chairwoman, Theda Skocpol, dean of
the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, said she was inspired to propose
the idea by the book that Bok published just months before taking over after
Lawrence H. Summers's resignation. The book is called ``Our Underachieving
Colleges: A Candid Look at How Much Students Learn and Why They Should be
Learning More." Bok led Harvard from 1971 to 1991.
After studying best practices at Harvard and
elsewhere, Skocpol expects the group to have recommendations ready to
present to the faculty by Feb. 1. Some ideas, she hopes, could be acted upon
immediately, while others will be left for Harvard's next president. But any
major changes would need the backing of the majority of arts and science
faculty members, some of whom may balk at any significant change in
The high standards for earning tenure at Harvard
are heavily weighted toward excellence in research, not teaching. The same
is true at other elite research universities, while small liberal arts
colleges generally focus more on undergraduate teaching.
``Comparisons with other institutions show that we
are not as good as we should be," said Jeremy R. Knowles, interim dean of
arts and sciences. ``When we're not the best, I want to be the best."
Harvard already has a system for students to
evaluate their professors, but Skocpol said she would like to see professors
evaluating one another's classes as well, just as they critique one
another's academic articles and books. The point, she said, would be not
just to judge but to expose professors to new ideas and encourage every
faculty member, young or old, to think about ways he or she can improve.
Continued in article
The Price Professors Pay for Choosing a "Teaching Institution"
Unlike at the research university, there was no
established plan for sabbaticals or release time to further my own projects.
Interviews with faculty members made clear that I was expected to be accessible
to students at all times. I wondered how I could be an effective teacher if I
had no chance to stay abreast of the current thinking in my field. And I
wondered whether I wanted to devote my professional life to hanging out with
recent high-school graduates.
Peter S. Cahn, "Teaching Versus Research," Chronicle of Higher Education,
March 4, 2002 ---
Differences between "popular teacher"
versus "master teacher"
versus "mastery learning"
versus "master educator."
"The 20th Century University Is Obsolete," by Rev. John P. Minogue,
Inside Higher Ed, September 5, 2006 ---
Higher education, like the human species itself, is
the product of evolutionary forces that produce structures — the DNA if you
will — that enable one variant to thrive and cause another to falter.
The life form known as higher education was hatched
in a monastic cocoon in the 10th century. From this beginning, higher
education institutions took shape as an evolving species, changing form and
mission in response to external forces. Familiar milestones on this
evolutionary journey include secularization, development of academic
disciplines, evolution of administrative structures, growth of the research
university, and the concepts of academic freedom and tenure.
With the dawn of the Knowledge Age, the evolution
of higher education has drastically accelerated so that the pace of change
is now measured in years, not centuries. Higher education today is a global
commodity with all the competition and product diversification that entails,
including the splitting of the production from the distribution of
knowledge. This is much like the movie industry, where a few companies make
movies and many companies distribute them in theaters, on television, and on
Research I universities that produce new knowledge
thrive in this new environment, but they are now dependent upon strong
financial links with the economic agendas of companies and countries. They
are no longer the sole citadels for the production of new knowledge, but
rather just one node on a global network of corporate and national R&D
The transformation of Higher Education Life Forms
on the distribution side of knowledge is even more dramatic, evolving a new
species that concentrates simply on distribution of currently available
This new species features a small core of knowledge
engineers who wrap courses into a degree to be distributed in cookie-cutter
institutions and delivered by working professionals, not academics. There is
no tenured faculty, no academic processes; the sole focus is on bottom-line
economic results. These 21st century institutions are not burdened with
esoteric pursuits of knowledge; rather, they focus on professional degrees
for adults that have a fairly clear market value for a given career path.
The exemplars of this new species are the
for-profit universities, which are cutting their teeth on the weakness of
the 20th century universities. Though new at the game, in a few years they
will be capable of hunting with lethal success. This new species is
market-driven. Its key survival mechanism is the ability to rapidly evolve
to new environments and to position in the market. Since they do not carry
tenured faculty, they can rapidly jettison disciplines of study that do not
penetrate market. Since they do not have academic processes, they can
rapidly bring to market programs that can capture market share.
Certainly, not all for-profit providers have the
core capabilities to compete long term in the market. Some emerge quickly
and as quickly become extinct, but others are proving quite adept at drawing
strength from this globally competitive market.
As mass, longevity and a voracious need for large
quantities of prey (resources) proved lethal to the dinosaurs in the stark
environments created by global darkening, so the universities of the early
20th century may face serious thinning or perhaps even extinction in the new
globally competitive environment of higher education. Universities rooted in
the early 20th century are intrinsically inefficient in today’s environment
of market valuation and brand identity. Given the current internal structure
of tenure and faculty governance, these universities lack the capability to
respond to market forces in a timely fashion — to close out product lines no
longer playing in the market and rapidly bring new and more efficient
product to market.
Still, these once elegant life forms persevere, but
for reasons having nothing to do with innate capability to embrace change.
Instead, at the undergraduate level it is the instinctual and perhaps
irrational desire of many parents to see their children prosper in a
traditional liberal arts environment, and so their willingness to spend
inordinate amounts of money for education. At the graduate level, the “brand
name” is the driver. The reputation of leading institutions, established in
an era before global market competition, is based on a footing much
different from that used today to obtain market position, but it still works
to sustain the life form, at least among a few elite universities.
In addition, traditional universities have
benefited from some serious slack in the evolutionary rope. The Industrial
Age required a few knowledge workers and a lot of folks doing heavy lifting,
whereas the Knowledge Age requires vast numbers of educated workers. Almost
overnight, this has led to a massive spike in global demand for education,
with motivated consumers increasing perhaps 100-fold. What was the privilege
of a few has become the expectation of all.
But global supply falls far short of meeting
demand. With a population of 295 million, the United States has only 15
million active seats in the higher education classroom; China, with a
population of 1.2 billion, has 2 million seats available; Brazil, with a
population 170 million, has 2.5 million seats available.
This imbalance between supply and demand has
creating a robust market for all providers. Suppliers of higher education
simply have to dip their nets in the water to catch students. There is not
yet the fight-to-the death competition for market share, and inefficient
institutions have received a short reprieve from their evolutionary fate.
But at some point, as with all markets, a saturation point will be reached,
with supply outstripping demand — perhaps in 5, perhaps in 15 years. When
this inversion occurs, those life forms with the required flexibility to
quickly adapt to a fiercely competitive environment will survive and the
others will fade from memory.
As there is private health care for those who can
afford to pay at any price point, so there will continue some form of higher
education that will meet the need and the check book of those wealthy enough
to afford it. But for most now driven to higher education to meet the
requirements of the Knowledge Age, it is value (the ratio of perceived
quality over price) that will be the key determinate of what institution
they will choose for their tuition dollar. To further stress the current
market, state funding is not keeping up with inflation or enrollment growth,
forcing higher education institutions to rely more on tuition and donations.
Thus higher education is being pushed to stand on its own financial bottom
rather than be a subsidized commodity, once again forcing the value
So what will be demanded of 20th century
universities to survive when market supply reaches or exceeds demand? As in
every market, those producers that have driven efficiency into their
production system and responsiveness into their market positioning have at
least a change at surviving. But the challenge is daunting because the 20th
century university is trying to play serious catch up in new markets —
adults, women, diversities, the under privileged — while using the same
mentalities that allowed them to attract the 18 to 25 year old male.
As with IBM, which played in the personal computer
market, but really lived in the mainframe business market, there is no fire
in the belly of 20th century universities for these new markets. These
institutions have not changed the way they go about their business to serve
these new markets; and if there has been some change, it has been
accompanied by the widespread grumbling of the faculty: Why do we have to
teach at night? Why do we have to teach at multiple campuses? Why do we have
to provide support services in the evening? Why do we have to teach students
who aren’t educated the way we were? Why do we have to schedule classes so
students can maximize their employment opportunities?
Meanwhile, 20th century universities are running
average price increases twice the inflation rate and carrying multiple
overheads of unproven value to the buying market. Walk into the library of
any university today that has ubiquitous connections to the Internet, and
you will find the stacks empty of both faculty and students. Is the
traditional library a value add or a costly overhead? As with IBM, 20th
century universities believe their brand will sustain price increases. “No
frill, just degree” competitors are producing product without the high cost
of minimalist full-time faculty workloads, large libraries and multiple
staff intensive manual processes. As with the personal computer, will the
buying market ultimately see any difference between the products except the
name on the plastic and the price on the sticker?
What will be the destiny of the current life form
we have called the 20th century university? It consumes far too many
resources for what it returns to the environment, and though there are vast
resources (markets) available, its structures do not let it tap these
resources effectively. Its evolutionary tardiness has provided opportunity
for a new species to take hold — the profit driven university. As the
evolution of the human race has picked up the pace with each passing
millennium, a future life form that has little resemblance to current higher
education life forms will emerge much sooner than the usual eons it takes
for evolution to create the next iteration of life.
The 20th century university is indeed obsolete and
Bob Jensen's threads on higher education controversies are at
Is Harvard's curriculum tantamount to no curriculum?
What does it take at a minimum to have an undergraduate education?
"As Goes Harvard. . . ," by Donald Kagan, Commentary Magazine ---
dean of Harvard College, Harry R. Lewis, would seem to have agreed with this
assessment. In a recently published book on the decline of Harvard,
Excellence Without a
How a Great
University Forgot Education, he cites the excuse offered
by one member of the faculty committee: “the committee thought the best
thing was to put a row of empty bottles up and see how the faculty wanted to
fill them.” Lewis responds, acidly:
empty bottles could be filled with anything so long as the right department
was offering it. . . . But there is absolutely nothing that Harvard can
expect students will know after they take three science or three humanities
courses freely chosen from across the entire course catalog. The proposed
general-education requirement gives up entirely on the idea of shared
knowledge, shared values, even shared aspirations. In the absence of any
pronouncement that anything is more important than anything else for Harvard
students to know, Harvard is declaring that one can be an educated person in
the 21st century without knowing anything about genomes, chromosomes,
it matter that Harvard’s curriculum is a vacant vessel? It is
no secret, after all, that to the Harvard faculty, undergraduate education
is at best of secondary interest. What is laughingly called the Core
Curriculum—precisely what Summers sought to repair—is distinguished by the
of any core of studies generally required. In practice, moreover, a
significant number of the courses in Harvard College are taught by graduate
students, not as assistants to professors but in full control of the
content. Although they are called “tutors,” evoking an image of learned
Oxbridge dons passing on their wisdom one-on-one, what they are is a
collection of inexperienced leaders of discussion or pseudo-discussion
groups. The overwhelming majority of these young men and women, to whom is
entrusted a good chunk of a typical undergraduate’s education, will never be
considered good enough to belong to Harvard’s regular faculty.
this does matter, and the reason is that how Harvard deals with its
undergraduates is of great importance to other colleges. Harvard’s
antiquity, the high quality of its faculty and student body, its wealth, and
its prestige have made it a model to be watched and emulated. When Harvard
adopted a program of “General Education” after World War II—the forerunner
of today’s debased Core Curriculum—it changed the character of undergraduate
education throughout the country.
it is intriguing and instructive that Harvard’s former dean should be
castigating the curriculum produced by the Harvard faculty—a curriculum
that, he believes, exposes Harvard as “a university without a larger sense
of educational purpose or a connection with its principal constituents.” And
it is equally intriguing that Derek C. Bok, a
former and now again, in the wake of Summers’s
departure, the current president of Harvard, should have released his own
troubled look at the same subject.
Continued in article
Students may take the easiest way out in customizable curricula ---
But is it too quick to blame affordability relative to other major causes
of dropping out of college,
especially the poor preparedness cause?
"Report Finds U.S. Students Lagging in Finishing College," by Tamar
Lewin, The New York Times, September 7, 2006 ---
The United States, long the world leader in higher
education, has fallen behind other nations in its college enrollment and
completion rates, as the affordability of American colleges and universities
has declined, according to a new report.
The study, from the National Center for Public
Policy and Higher Education, found that although the United States still
leads the world in the proportion of 35- to 64-year-olds with college
degrees, it ranks seventh among developed nations for 25- to 34-year-olds.
On rates of college completion, the United States is in the lower half of
“Completion is the Achilles’ heel of American
higher education,’’ said Patrick M. Callan, president of the center, a
nonprofit, nonpartisan organization based in San Jose, Calif., and
One particular area of concern, Mr. Callan said, is
that younger Americans — the most diverse generation in the nation’s history
— are lagging educationally, compared with the baby boom generation.
“The strength of America is in the population
that’s closest to retirement, while the strength of many countries against
whom we compare ourselves is in their younger population,’’ he said.
“Perhaps for the first time in our history, the next generation will be less
Over all, the report said, while other nations have
significantly improved and expanded their higher education systems, the
United States’ higher education performance has stalled since the early
At the same time, for most American families,
college is becoming increasingly unaffordable. While federal Pell grants for
low-income students covered 70 percent of the cost of a year at a four-year
public university in the 1990’s, Mr. Callan said, that has dropped to less
“It’s going backwards,’’ he said. “Tuition is going
up faster than family income, faster than inflation, faster even than health
The report, which grades the states on how well
they compare with the state with the best record, gives 43 states, including
New York and Connecticut, an F for affordability. New Jersey got a D.
On average, a year at a public four-year university
costs 31 percent of a family’s income, the report said. But that figure
hides the enormous difference between families in the bottom 20 percent of
income, for which it would be 73 percent of annual income, and those in the
top 20 percent, for which it would amount to only 9 percent.
The report, “Measuring Up 2006: The National Report
Card on Higher Education,” paints a picture of an income-stratified society,
with a huge educational gap between low- and high-income young adults. In 12
states, the proportion of 18- to 24-year-olds from high-income families who
are enrolled in college is at least twice as great as those from low-income
families; in five states, the high-income students are at least three times
as likely to be in college.
In New York, 33 percent of young adults from
families with the lowest fifth of incomes are in college, compared with 55
percent of those from the richest families, close to the national average.
The figures for Connecticut are 16.1 percent from the bottom fifth and 57.9
percent from the top fifth. New Jersey’s figures are 19.6 percent from the
bottom fifth and 51.0 percent from the top.
Ethnic differences in college enrollment also
persist, with four states having twice the percentage of white students in
college as nonwhite students. The secretary of education, Margaret
Spellings, plans to announce her own ideas for making higher education
“affordable, accessible and consumer friendly for all Americans’’ after the
Commission on the Future of Higher Education that she created last fall
delivers its final recommendations this month.
“In order to remain a leader in the global economy,
our nation must adapt its higher education system to prepare Americans for
the jobs of today and tomorrow,’’ Ms. Spellings said yesterday.
The report is the fourth in the center’s series of
assessments of national and state performance, which it produces every two
years. This is the first report to include international comparisons.
On the state level, New York rated an A– on both
students’ preparation and the proportion who complete their degrees. New
Jersey got an A on preparation and a B on completion, Connecticut an A– on
preparation and a B on completion.
The likelihood of a ninth grader in New York
enrolling in college four years later has dropped to 37 percent, three
percentage points below the national average, from 45 percent in the early
1990’s. That is one of the steepest declines in the nation, and one the
center attributed to a falling high school graduation rate in the state.
Even accounting for New York’s Tuition Assistance
Program for low-income students, the center found, attending a public two-
or four-year college would cost low- and lower-middle-income students nearly
half of their family’s annual income.
“New York has one of the best financial aid
programs in the country, but also one of the largest low-income populations
that the program doesn’t reach,’’ Mr. Callan said.
Officials at the State University of New York, the
City University of New York and the State Education Department took issue
with the center’s methodology and said New York’s public universities were
more affordable than portrayed.
The report “badly miscalculates New York’s TAP
program and inaccurately portrays higher education in New York as
unaffordable,’’ said John R. Ryan, the SUNY chancellor. “Nothing could be
further from the truth.”
The vice chancellor at CUNY, Jay Hershenson, said
that, among other things, the report sharply understated the average amount
of aid to undergraduates who receive state aid and failed to take into
account more than a quarter-million students in nondegree programs that lead
Continued in article
Are conflicts of interest and kickbacks among college "trustees" the norm
or the exception?
But Adelphi’s trustees had never voted on his
compensation; only a small committee even knew the details. Adelphi even
concealed the largesse from the Internal Revenue Service for five years,
incurring an $11,500 fine. The Regents also found conflicts of interest
involving two trustees, including the former board chairwoman. Her insurance
company was found to have gotten $1.2 million in fees for handling Adelphi’s
"University Enjoys a Renaissance After 90’s Strife," by Bruce Lambert, The
New York Times, September 5, 2006 ---
Appearance Versus Reality of Trustee/School Kickbacks ---
"U. of Phoenix Loses in U.S. Court," by Doug Lederman, Inside
Higher Ed, September 6, 2006 ---
The University of Phoenix must defend itself
against charges that it violated federal law by paying its recruiters based
on how many students they enrolled, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth
Circuit ruled Tuesday. The federal appeals panel’s
unanimous decision, which overturned a lower
court’s ruling in Phoenix’s favor, had been eagerly awaited because of the
for-profit university’s high profile as one of the country’s largest and
because of the mammoth size of the malfeasance alleged — billions of dollars
could be at stake.
But the case is also important because it is the
latest in a string of decisions in which federal courts have gradually
expanded the grounds under which colleges can be sued under the federal
False Claims Act, much to the consternation of some college and university
lawyers and legal experts. In siding with the former admissions officials
who sued Phoenix on the government’s behalf, the Ninth Circuit panel leaned
heavily on one of those earlier decisions,
involving Oakland City University.
At issue in the Phoenix case is a provision in the
Higher Education Act that prohibits colleges from offering bonuses or other
incentive pay to admissions officers or recruiters based on specific
enrollment goals, to discourage them from giving officials extra incentive
to bring in any potential student, regardless of academic ability. Two
former enrollment counselors at Phoenix, Mary Hendow and Julie Albertson,
charge that the for-profit university paid cash bonuses and other gifts to
them and to other recruiters based strictly on how many students they
enrolled — charges Phoenix has denied.
In 2003, Hendow and Albertson filed what is known
as a qui tam lawsuit, which is filed under the federal False Claims
Act by an individual who believes he or she has identified fraud committed
against the federal government, and who sues hoping to be joined by the U.S.
Justice Department. (The plaintiff then shares in any financial penalties,
which can include trebled damages.) The women charged that the allegedly
fraudulent behavior had put more than $1.5 billion in federal funds at risk,
which set the value of a potential verdict in the case at several times
that. The federal government declined to join the lawsuit as a third party,
but the Justice Department did file a friend of the court brief in 2005
encouraging the court to rule against Phoenix.
A federal district court dismissed the women’s
lawsuit in May 2004, concluding that they had not put forward a valid theory
for how Phoenix had defrauded the government under the False Claims Act.
But in its decision Tuesday, a three judge panel of
Ninth Circuit appeals court concluded differently. Reinforcing and even
October’s decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals
for the Seventh Circuit in United States of America ex. rel. Jeffrey E.
Main v. Oakland City University, the Ninth Circuit judges declared that
the two former admissions officers (known in False Claims Act parlance as
the “relators") had indeed offered two legitimate theories (known as “false
certification” and “promissory fraud") for how the university had defrauded
Without ruling on whether the women had actually
proven their claims — impossible without a trial on the facts of the case —
the court concluded that they had met the four requirements of filing a
legitimate claim under the federal fraud law: (1) alleging that a defendant
had made false statement or engaged in fraudulent conduct; (2) that the
action had been taken deliberately; (3) that the act or statement played a
direct role in money flowing out of government coffers; and (4) that the
government did indeed pay out or forfeit money as a result. At its core, the
Ninth Circuit ruled that the university had — by participating in a
several-step process to accept federal financial aid — committed to abiding
by a wide range of rules and requirements, including the prohibition on
On multiple fronts, the court rejected arguments
made by lawyers for Phoenix. To the suggestion — which other college
officials have echoed in
fighting False Claims Act cases — that “the
incentive compensation ban is nothing more than one of hundreds of
boilerplate requirements with which it promises compliance,” as the appeals
panel phrased it, the court wrote: “This may be true, but fraud is fraud, no
matter how ’small.’
“The university is worried that our holding today
opens it up to greater liability for innocent regulatory violations, but
that is not the case — as we held above, innocent or unintentional
violations do not lead to False Claims Act liability,” Judge Cynthia Holcomb
Hall wrote for the court. “But that is no reason to innoculate [sic]
institutions of higher education from liability when they knowingly violate
a regulatory condition, with the intent to deceive, as is alleged here.”
With that statement, the court seemed to clearly
reject the arguments made by college officials that the federal courts’
decisions in this line of cases are making colleges significantly more
vulnerable to False Claims Act challenges — even if they have violated
federal law by simple mistake.
And Phoenix’s assertion that the ban on incentive
compensation is a condition on participating in the federal student aid
programs, but not a condition on receiving payment from the government, “is
a distinction without a difference,” the court said. “In the context of
Title IV and the Higher Education Act, if we held that conditions of
participation were not conditions of payment, there would be no conditions
of payment at all — and thus, an educational institution could flout the law
The Ninth Circuit’s decision not to dismiss the
lawsuit against Phoenix would send the case back to the lower federal court
for a trial on the merits. But several other possibilities seem likelier at
this point. The university could ask the entire U.S. Court of Appeals for
the Ninth Circuit to review the decision of the three judge panel.
Or Phoenix’s lawyers could appeal the Ninth
Circuit’s decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, on the hope that the nation’s
highest court decides to hear the case because it concludes that federal
appeals courts have split on the issues in the case. But the Supreme Court
declined in April to consider the Oakland City case, letting the Seventh
Circuit’s decision stand, which would appear to make it unlikely to hear the
Timothy J. Hatch, a Los Angeles lawyer who
represented Phoenix in this case, said that he and the university “obviously
disagree” with the court’s conclusions but had not yet decided how to
respond to the ruling. Terri Bishop, chief communications officer for the
Apollo Group, which owns the University of Phoenix, added in a statement
that the decision “greatly expands the scope of False Claims Act liability
beyond what Congress had intended or even what other courts have
recognized.” The company is “carefully reviewing the opinion in order to
determine our next steps,” she said.
The two California lawyers who represented the
relators in the case, Nancy G. Krop and J. Daniel Bartley, were practically
giddy on the telephone late Tuesday afternoon, and said they were eager to
get the case before a jury. “The evidence is all sitting there waiting for a
courtroom, and once we get a courtroom,” Krop said, Phoenix “is in big
Bob Jensen's threads on higher education controversies are at
Oligopoly academic journal publishers brought this on themselves by
price gouging research libraries
"Momentum for Open Access Research," by Scott Jaschik, Inside Higher Ed,
September 6, 2006 ---
Federal Public Research Access Act was proposed
this year, scholarly society after scholarly society came out against the
legislation, which would require federal agencies to publish their findings,
online and free, within six months of their publication elsewhere. The
future of academic research was at stake, the societies said, and both their
journals and the peer review system could collapse if the legislation
It s increasingly hard, however, to say that those
societies reflect the views of academe on the issue. In July, the provosts
of 25 research universities
came out in favor of the legislation, saying that
the current system of research publishing leads to outrageously high journal
costs that are harming libraries and making it impossible for people to
follow research. Now the presidents of 53 liberal arts colleges — at the
behest of their librarians — are issuing
joint letter backing the legislation. And while it
is unlikely that the bill will pass this year, the new letter that was
released Tuesday is part of a broader effort by open access supporters to
place higher education in a new position when the debate is renewed next
Nancy S. Dye, president of Oberlin College, where
the new letter was organized, said that her interest was in part — but only
in part — financial. “All liberal arts colleges are finding it more and more
difficult to purchase the materials we need,” she said. But Dye stressed
that there is also “a philosophical view” that is spreading: “Knowledge is
made to be shared.” And while that may sound idealistic, Dye said there is
another “underlying view” that makes sense to her and other presidents. “If
this research is being done with federal money, it would only seem right
that the people who are paying taxes have access to the research findings.”
In another sign of the shifting debate on open
access, the American Chemical Society — a major journal publisher and a
strong critic of the open access legislation — announced that it was
creating an “author choice” program where authors for its journals could pay
a fee to have their articles available online and free should the authors
“wish or need” to do so.
Society officials denied that this was an attempt
to compromise, but said that the change was needed because of other shifts
in journal publishing. Pushed by the National Institutes of Health, biology
journals have been speedier to move toward open access than have chemistry
journals, and with more chemistry work these days linked to biology, the
move was seen as key to promoting healthy interaction between the
disciplines. (The fees would range from $1,000 to $3,000 and would not be
discussed until after an article had been accepted, to prevent financial
incentives from entering into the peer review process.)
The letter from the liberal arts college presidents
is straightforward. It says that their institutions can’t afford rising
journal prices, that their faculties and students want more access to
journals than the institutions can provide, and that liberal arts colleges
play a key role in producing future Ph.D.’s, so their exposure to journals
matters. Oberlin is among many liberal arts colleges with unusually high
percentages of graduates who go on to earn doctorates.
“Adoption of the Federal Research Public Access Act
will democratize access to research information funded by tax dollars,” the
letter says. “It will benefit education, research, and the general public.”
Presidents signing the letter come from all over
the country. Among them are the heads of Amherst, Barnard, Bowdoin, Coe,
Dickinson, Franklin & Marshall, Kalamazoo, Lake Forest, Middlebury,
Occidental, Reed, Rhodes, Vassar, Wabash and Whitman Colleges. They were
organized by the Oberlin Group, an organization of the libraries of liberal
Ray English, director of libraries at Oberlin, said
that the current system is “fundamentally unstable,” adding that “I’ve been
looking at these issues for more than a decade now, and it’s clear that
there are problems of access to research that are such that we need
university librarian at Trinity University, in Texas, another of the
institutions backing the letter, agreed. “The current model is broken so
it’s time for new models. Staying with the status quo is unsustainable.”
Graves said that in five years in her position, her
library has received “generous” overall budget increases from the
university, but that they are never enough to keep up with journal
inflation. Dozens of journals have been cut, and she is forced each year to
go to each academic department to seek agreement on what to eliminate. What
frustrates her the most, she said, is continuing to cut off access to
information professors and students want — when the model being pushed by
the legislation would provide that knowledge without increasing the
As for the scholarly societies, Graves said that
she knew that they did valuable work, but questioned why that work needed to
be subsidized by journals. “A lot of societies have relied on journals to
fund other activities. But why should libraries at colleges — nonprofit
entities within nonprofit entities — fund those activities? Shouldn’t
members be funding those activities? We need to have this conversation.”
Continued in article
At last editorial boards are protesting rip-offs of oligopoly publishers
Another journal declaration of independence is in
progress. The entire editorial board of Topology has resigned to protest
Elsevier's refusal to lower the subscription price.
University of Illinois Issues in Scholarly Communications Blog, August
14, 2006 ---
Bob Jensen's threads on academic journal publisher frauds are at
"States Levy Wide Range of Taxes on Gasoline," AccountingWeb,
August 28, 2006 ---
"Goodbye, Taxachusetts," The Wall Street Journal, September 7, 2006;
Page A20 ---
You'll never guess the hottest issue in this fall's
Democratic primary for governor of Massachusetts: income tax cuts. Two of
the three Democratic candidates in this bluest of blue states have endorsed
cutting the state flat-rate income tax to 5%. One of them, Democratic
Attorney General Tom Reilly, insists the tax cut would mean "real money in
people's pockets," and he pledges to be a "strong, unwavering voice to stand
up and hold the line on taxes."
The leading Republican candidate heading into the
September 19 primary, Lieutenant Governor Kerry Healey, agrees. The lone
dissenter is former Clinton Administration U.S. Attorney Deval Patrick, who
sounds like his former Washington colleagues in claiming "we can't afford
it." Voters disagree. An August 27 Boston Globe poll found that 57% of
Democratic primary voters support the tax relief plan. This is the same
electorate that has given the nation Ted Kennedy, Michael Dukakis and John
Perhaps liberal Northeasterners aren't as fond of
high taxes as their political leaders assert. Earlier this year, the heavily
Democratic legislature in Rhode Island slid down the Laffer Curve by
chopping its top income tax rate nearly in half as part of a plan to lure
departed jobs and workers back to the state. Meanwhile, a property tax
revolt is brewing in New Jersey.
Despite the disparaging legend of "Taxachusetts"
going back to the Dukakis era, Bay State voters have often shown they like
taxes about as much as they do the New York Yankees. Though Democrats
outnumber Republicans five to one in the state, the last four governors have
been fiscally conservative and tax-cutting Republicans. In 2000, despite
heavy opposition from the Boston media and lobbyists, 59% of Massachusetts
voters approved a ballot initiative to cut the income tax rate to 5%, from
This year's tax fight has erupted because the
oligarchs in the legislature have ignored the will of the electorate by
freezing the rate at 5.3%. Their excuse was that this was required in 2002
to make up for falling tax revenue and would only be "temporary." But tax
receipts have climbed again since 2003 -- to $18.4 billion from $14 billion,
a 31% cash windfall.
The pro-tax coalition has also found an unlikely
ally in the state Chamber of Commerce and other business groups, which
insist the government has unmet spending needs. "The big businesses lobby
against tax cuts here," says David Tuerck, director of the Beacon Hill
Institute, a local think-tank. "They much prefer to spend the money on
corporate welfare projects." The Institute's new study estimates the tax cut
would create 8,000 new jobs and raise incomes by more than $450 million over
the next four years.
Current Governor Mitt Romney says the state's $1
billion revenue surplus more than justifies the tax cut. "We'll either spend
that money or give it back to the citizens," he says. "Those are our
options." It says something about the public mood that, even in the cradle
of modern liberalism, voters don't seem to trust politicians to spend the
dollars wisely and want more of their money back.
Global Warming Feeds Itself
"Greenhouse Gas Bubbling from Melting Permafrost Feeds Climate Warming at Much
Higher Than Expected Rates," PhysOrg, September 6, 2006 ---
A study co-authored by a Florida State University
scientist and published in the Sept. 7 issue of the journal Nature has found
that as the permafrost melts in North Siberia due to climate change, carbon
sequestered and buried there since the Pleistocene era is bubbling up to the
surface of Siberian thaw lakes and into the atmosphere as methane, a
greenhouse gas 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide.
In turn, that bubbling methane held captive as
carbon under the permafrost for more than 40,000 years is accelerating
global warming by heating the Earth even more --- exacerbating the entire
cycle. The ominous implications of the process grow as the permafrost
decomposes further and the resulting lakes continue to expand, according to
FSU oceanography Professor Jeff Chanton and study co-authors at the
University of Alaska-Fairbanks.
"This is not good for the quality of human life on
Earth," Chanton said.
The researchers devised a novel method of measuring
ebullition (bubbling) to more accurately quantify the methane emissions from
two Siberian thaw lakes and in so doing, revealed the world's northern
wetlands as a much larger source of methane release into the atmosphere than
previously believed. The magnitude of their findings has increased estimates
of such emissions by 10 to 63 percent.
Understanding the contribution of North Siberia
thaw lakes to global atmospheric methane is critical, explains the paper
that appears in this week's Nature, because the concentration of that potent
greenhouse is highest at that latitude, has risen sharply in recent decades
and exhibits a significant seasonal jump at those high northern latitudes.
Chanton points to the thawing permafrost along the
margins of the thaw lakes -- which comprise 90 percent of the lakes in the
Russian permafrost zone -- as the primary source of methane released in the
region. During the yearlong study, he performed the isotopic analysis and
interpretation to determine the methane's age and origin and assisted with
measurements of the methane bubbles' composition to shed light on the mode
of gas transport.
"My fellow researchers and I estimate that an
expansion of these thaw lakes between 1974 and 2000, a period of regional
warming, increased methane emissions by 58 percent there," said Chanton.
"Because the methane now emitted in our study region dates to the
Pleistocene age, it's clear that the process, described by scientists as
'positive feedback to global warming,' has led to the release of old carbon
stocks once stored in the permafrost."
In addition to Chanton, the John Widmer Winchester
Professor of Oceanography at FSU, co-authors of "Methane bubbling from
Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming" include K. M.
Walter (Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska-Fairbanks); S. A.
Zimov (Northeast Science Station, Cherskii, Russia); and D. Verbyla (Forest
Science department, University of Alaska-Fairbanks).
From Jim Mahar's Blog on September 6, 2006 ---
Congressional Hearings and more
I worked at home this
morning in order to watch the Senate Finance Committee's meeting on
Executive Compensation. It was interesting but did not cut much new
C-Span also covered the Finance Committe's panel
question and answer period. Some highlights from the panel discussion.
Predictably, the session began with the numbers (for instance that CEOs
made more than 300 times the average employee in 2004), the problems of
backdating options (including the need to redo tax records), and the
principle-agent conflicts that arise when executives are paid large
amounts of money.
Why are taxes so important of issue here? One reason is that firms can
deduct over $1 million per executive only if that pay is incentive
based. Back-dating the options loses that incentive component and thus
disallows the deduction.
Consider the following from
"Known as Section 162(m) of the
Internal Revenue Code, that provision limits the tax deductibility
of pay for the five highest-paid executives at public companies to
$1 million, unless the pay is determined to be "performance-based."
To qualify as performance-based pay, compensation committees must
set "pre-established" and "objective" performance goals.
Shareholders must approve the goals, and the compensation committee
must certify they were met.....
But corporate governance experts,
academics, and some members of Congress contend that many big
companies have figured out how to bypass the rule by setting
easy-to-reach goals that make the lion's share of executive pay
�from bonuses to stock grants "performance-based" so they can write
those payments off on tax returns.
LOST TAXES. The net effect,
say critics, is that many companies now deduct almost all of their
top executives' compensation"
- Charles Elson of Univ Of Delaware was possibly
the best speaker. He commented on why congress should care--short
version: if shareholder confidence is lost, they quit investing.
- Steven Balsam a Temple Accounting Professor
was also excellent. He called for more disclosure and consistent tax
- Lucian Bebchuk of Harvard Law emphasized the
size of the compensation and that there were conflicts and rules.
Moreover, how deferred compensation was taxed advantaged to the
executive but not the firm.
Senatore Grassely who led the meeting concluded by
saying he will be asking for board minutes of firms that did backdate
- Nell Minow of the Corporate Library seemed
more rehersed. She continually painted the gloomiest picture that
governance was not working and more oversight was needed. She even
commented on how airfare was taxed. That said, it is sad that she was
Interesting discussion. I wish I had recorded it. Hopefully it will be
This meeting came on the heels of a
report that backdating was a more serious problem than
"A new study estimates that the stock options
backdating scandal may cost shareholders hundreds of millions of
dollars. The study was released on the eve of two Senate committee
hearings that plan to examine the scope of the widening investigation
into improper options practices.
Three researchers at the
University of Michigan
estimated that backdating stock options between 2000 and 2004 helped
sweeten the average executive'�s pay by more than 1.25 percent, or about
$600,000. But the fallout from the recent options investigations has
caused those executives'� companies to fall in market value by an
average of 8 percent, or $500 million each.
�For about $600,000 a year to the executives,
shareholders are being put at risk to the tune of $500 million,� the
September 1, 2006 message from Carolyn Kotlas
TECHNOLOGY LITERACY TEST REVEALS STUDENT
Educational Testing Service's Information and
Communication Technology (ICT) Literacy Assessment "uses scenario-based
tasks to measure both cognitive and technical skills . . . and assesses
individual student proficiency." Institutions that were early adopters of
the test are finding that it reveals student deficiencies in critical areas.
"Of 10,000 high school and college students asked to evaluate a set of Web
sites last fall, nearly half could not correctly judge which was the most
objective, reliable and timely, according to preliminary results of a
digital-literacy assessment." ["Students Don't Know Much Beyond Google," by
Leila Fadel; STAR-TELEGRAM, July 27, 2006;
While college students may be competent Google
searchers, many lack skills for evaluating online resources and are unaware
of other digital resources, such as library databases, that could provide
more reliable content. The test's results indicate the need for more formal
training for students at all levels to acquire the skills they need to
critically evaluate online resources.
For more information on the ICT, go to
Several recently-published articles discuss the
role of game playing as tools for education or social engagement.
"Simulations, Games, and Learning" By Diana
Oblinger EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative, May 2006
"Today's games are complex, take up to 100 hours,
require collaboration with others, and involve developing values, insights,
and new knowledge. They are immersive virtual worlds that are augmented by a
more complex external environment that involves communities of practice, the
buying and selling of game items, blogs, and developer communities. In many
ways, games have become complex learning systems."
"Digital Game-Based Learning: It's Not Just the
Digital Natives Who Are Restless" By Richard Van Eck EDUCAUSE REVIEW, vol.
41, no. 2, March/April 2006, pp. 16–30.
According to the author, "The combined weight of
three factors has resulted in widespread public interest in games as
learning tools." These factors are (1) "ongoing research conducted by DGBL
[digital game-based learning] proponents;" (2) "today's 'Net Generation,' or
'digital natives,' who have become disengaged with traditional instruction;"
and (3) "the increased popularity of games. . . nearly as many digital games
were sold as there are people in the United States (248 million games vs.
293.6 million residents.)"
"Scavenger Hunt Enhances Students' Utilization of
Blackboard" By Dianne C. Jones JOURNAL OF ONLINE
LEARNING AND TEACHING, vol. 2, no. 2, June 2006
"The use of the Scavenger Hunt game has made the
use of a web-based course management system, like Blackboard, less
threatening for students and has significantly reduced the need for
additional instructor time to deal with technology-related issues throughout
"Where Everybody Knows Your (Screen) Name: Online
Games as 'Third Places'" By Constance Steinkuehler and Dmitri Williams
JOURNAL OF COMPUTER-MEDIATED COMMUNICATION, vol. 11, issue 4, 2006
The authors studied how massively multiplayer
online games (MMOs) provide a means for establishing informal social
relationships beyond the workplace and home. (This issue has other articles
related to games and play. Link to other articles at
Bob Jensen's threads on edutainment and learning games are at
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SLOAN SEMESTER ARCHIVES
The "Sloan Semester" was an initiative by Sloan-C
member institutions to provide free online courses to college and university
students whose studies were impacted by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005.
In twenty-one days a "virtual" institution was set up to provide "more than
1,350 courses from over 150 institutions in 38 states available to over
1,750 students, utilizing over 4,000 'seats' in online courses at the
undergraduate and graduate levels." The Sloan Semester Archives website
includes "includes links to an archived version of the Sloan Semester
Catalog, a case study of the project, data about participants and lessons
learned." The archives are available at
Sloan-C is a consortium of institutions and
organizations committed "to help learning organizations continually improve
quality, scale, and breadth of their online programs according to their own
distinctive missions, so that education will become a part of everyday life,
accessible and affordable for anyone, anywhere, at any time, in a wide
variety of disciplines." Sloan-C is funded by the Alfred P. Sloan
Foundation. For more information go to
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OBSTACLES TO EDUCATIONAL USE OF DIGITAL MATERIAL
"The Digital Learning Challenge: Obstacles to
Educational Uses of Copyrighted Material in the Digital Age" reports on a
year-long study, conducted by the Berkman Center for Internet and Society,
to "explore whether innovative educational uses of digital technology were
hampered by the restrictions of copyright." Four serious obstacles were
identified in the study:
-- "Unclear or inadequate copyright law relating to
crucial provisions such as fair use and educational use;"
-- "Extensive adoption of 'digital rights
management' technology to lock up content;"
-- "Practical difficulties obtaining rights to use
content when licenses are necessary;" and
-- "Undue caution by gatekeepers such as publishers
or educational administrators."
The complete report can be download at no cost at
The Berkman Center for
Internet and Society at Harvard Law School is a "research program founded to
explore cyberspace, share in its study, and help pioneer its development.
For more information, contact Berkman Center for Internet & Society, Harvard
Law School, 23 Everett Street, Second Floor, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA; tel:
617-495-7547; fax: 617-495-7641; email:
email@example.com ; Web:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
"Perspective: Teen's Warning on the Gospel of
By Soumya Srinagesh
CNET News.com, August 11, 2006
"Yes, teachers and parents constantly remind
students to think twice before relying on certain online sources, but it's
easy for a student in a rush to forget that Wikipedia belongs in the
category of unverified information rather than credible
information--especially because its format is one of a traditional
encyclopedia. Which isn't to say Wikipedia's a bad thing."
Urban Environment: Challenges to Sustainability ---
Cyburbia Resource Directory: Zoning and Land Use Regulations ---
Updates from WebMD ---
Latest Headlines on
September 8, 2006
Latest Headlines on
September 9, 2006
"Early Symptoms Can Warn of Sudden Cardiac Death," Food Consumer,
September 8, 2006 ---
FRIDAY, Sept. 8 (HealthDay News) -- "Sudden cardiac death" often
isn't all that sudden, and lives can be saved by training people about the
symptoms of impending cardiac arrest and what action to take, a German study
"A study of 406 sudden cardiac death patients indicates that they often have
symptoms, especially the typical symptom angina pectoris [chest pain] for as
long as 120 minutes before an arrest," said study lead author Dr. Dirk
Muller, a cardiologist and emergency physician at the Medical Clinic II,
Cardiology and Pulmonology, in Berlin.
"Two-thirds of cardiac arrest patients have a history that predisposes them
to sudden cardiac death," Muller added, so efforts to reduce the toll should
focus on teaching their family members to recognize the symptoms and how to
perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
In the study, 72 percent of cardiac-arrest cases occurred at home, and
two-thirds were witnessed by others.
The researchers collected information about symptoms preceding cardiac
arrest for 323 patients. The most common warning sign was chest pain, which
occurred for at least 20 minutes, and, in some cases, for hours, before
cardiac arrest. Chest pain occurred in 25 percent of the patients whose
cardiac arrest was witnessed by other persons and in one-third of other
Breathlessness was the next most common symptom, seen in 17 percent of
witnessed arrests and 30 percent of other cases. Other common symptoms were
nausea, vomiting, dizziness or fainting.
CPR was performed on 57 patients, and 13 of them survived to be discharged
from the hospital. The survival rate for those who did not get CPR was 4
percent -- 13 of 349 patients.
One notable fact was that CPR was more likely to be performed when cardiac
arrest occurred in public cases -- 26 percent of the time, compared to 11
percent of the time when the attack occurred at home.
The study results were expected to be published in this week's issue of
There are two significant messages from the study, said Dr. Ann Bolger, a
professor of clinical medicine at the University of California, San
Francisco, and a spokeswoman for the American Heart Association.
"The first is that people need to be educated about how cardiac symptoms can
present," Bolger said. "We always try to encourage people not to discount
such things as shortness of breath, things that really should demand a
response, because they could be a harbinger of early death.
"The second thing is that the family is important," she added. "Many of
these patients have a known history of heart problems. They are not taking
us by surprise. We know that one of these things can happen to them, so, it
is important to get education that if there is chest pain that does not
respond to nitroglycerine, they should call 911. When a patient has active
heart disease, I try to make sure that they and their family get basic
training about calling 911 and get the emergency medical service on the
scene. People who don't get CPR before they get to the hospital have much
According to the American Heart Association, cardiac arrest is the sudden
loss of heart function. The victim may or may not have diagnosed heart
disease; the most common cause of death is coronary heart disease.
The AHA estimates that 330,000 Americans die each year from heart disease
before reaching a hospital and urges CPR training on a large scale.
For more on CPR, visit the
Unusual three-drug combo inhibits growth of aggressive tumors
An experimental anti-cancer regimen combined a
diuretic, a Parkinson's disease medication and a drug ordinarily used to reverse
the effect of sedatives. The unusual mixture inhibited the growth of aggressive
prostate tumors in laboratory mice in research conducted at Washington
University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Although their drug choices may seem
capricious, the researchers weren't randomly pulling drugs from their shelves.
They made their discovery using sophisticated methods for delving into the
unique metabolism of cancer cells and then choosing compounds likely to
interfere with their growth.
"Unusual three-drug combo inhibits growth of aggressive tumors," PhysOrg,
September 8, 2006 ---
Forwarded by Debbie Bowling
Help for chronic pain: Drug limits may be eased
Restrictions on the use of powerful painkillers would be loosened for
patients with chronic pain under a federal rule proposed Wednesday, allowing
doctors to prescribe a 90-day supply of the drugs.
"Gene Called Link Between Life Span and Cancers," by Nicholas Wade,
The New York Times, September 7, 2006 ---
Biologists have uncovered a deep link between life
span and cancer in the form of a gene that switches off stem cells as a
The critical gene, well known for its role in
suppressing tumors, seems to mediate a profound balance between life and
death. It weighs the generation of new replacement cells, required for
continued life, against the risk of death from cancer, which is the
inevitable outcome of letting cells divide.
To offset the increasing risk of cancer as a person
ages, the gene gradually reduces the ability of stem cells to proliferate.
The new finding, reported by three groups of
researchers online yesterday in Nature, was made in a special breed of mice
that lack the pivotal gene, but is thought likely to apply to people, as
The finding suggests that many degenerative
diseases of aging are caused by an active shutting down of the stem cells
that renew the body’s various tissues and are not just a passive
disintegration of tissues under daily wear and tear. “I don’t think aging is
a random process — it’s a program, an anticancer program,” said Dr. Norman
E. Sharpless of the University of North Carolina, senior author of one of
the three reports.
The other senior authors are Drs. Sean J. Morrison
of the University of Michigan and David T. Scadden of the Harvard Medical
The full implications are far from clear, but the
finding that the cells are switched off with age does not seem too
encouraging for researchers who hope to use a patient’s own adult stem cells
to treat disease. That result may undercut opponents of research on human
embryonic stem cells who argue that adult stem cells are enough to build new
Continued in article
From the Scout Report on September 8, 2006
Rossetti Archive ---
Not unlike its contemporary, the William Blake
Archive (mentioned in the January 2nd, 1998 Scout Report), the Rossetti
Archive exists to advance the study of one particular painter and writer,
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, "who was, according to both John Ruskin and Walter
Pater, the most important and original artistic force in the second half of
the nineteenth century in Great Britain." The Rossetti Archive does this by
transporting traditional methods of humanities scholarship into the digital
environment, by providing what will eventually be a comprehensive collection
of digital versions of all Rossetti's works, supplemented with analysis,
notes, and editorial commentary. Ultimately, it will be easy for scholars to
use any digital object in the Rossetti Archive, as well as share their
analyses, and view others' work. In addition, the Rossetti Archive is one of
the collaborators in NINES (http://www.nines.org/index.html), an attempt to
bring together the numerous digital humanities projects that have come
online in the last 10 years, and facilitate online collaboration between
Stories on Stage ---
Dramatic readings on the radio were a mainstay of
this Marconi-infused mode of communication for decades, and in recent years,
more and more public radio station have been creating their own live
dramatic reading series. One such vehicle is the Stories on Stage series,
which was started in 1993 on Chicago Public Radio. Essentially, each program
finds a single actor reading three or four stories that share a common
theme. Visitors who are seeking literary and dramatic nourishment will
appreciate the fact that this site contains both current and past
performances of the series for their listening pleasure. Over the years,
readings have featured the works of Raymond Carver, Edith Wharton, and a
special episode dedicated to the works of Tobias Wolff. Certainly, one can
see that this site might be put to good use in a theater arts classroom or
one dedicated to the practice of elocution or performance arts.
====== Network Tools ====
GroupMail Free Edition 5.1.032 ---
Let’s be honest: While sending a mass email may not
be one’s favorite way to communicate with friends, colleagues, or family,
sometimes it’s just plain necessary. For those occasions, visitors may wish
to take a gander at this application which eases this process. With
GroupMail, users can create lists that include up to 100 recipients, and
then send their messages straight away. This version is compatible with all
computers running Windows 98 and newer.
LiveCargo PC Desktop 3.5.1
With the rise of online collaborations, users in
the business, higher education, or related fields may find this application
terribly useful. LiveCargo will allow them to send large files quickly,
along with offering them the ability to store said files for their
convenience. This version is compatible with computers running Windows 95
and newer or Mac OS X 10.4.
"Books: Out of Print: Sylvia Plath's bedtime story. Lynne Cheney's novel.
A look at the year's top used books," by Nate Herpich, The Wall Street Journal,
September 9, 2006, Page P2 ---
When readers want to see how new
books are selling, they check the bestseller lists or the rankings on Web
sites like Amazon. But a new set of rankings has just come out for another
segment of the market: books that are out of print. Last week,
a site that lets shoppers search the inventories of
about 100,000 booksellers for new and used books, released a list of the
out-of-print books that were most searched-for on its site in the past year.
Though these books weren't necessarily the top sellers, the report offers a
look at what titles are generating interest. Below, three of the most
searched-for out-of-print titles in the past year, according to the site's
The Bed Book, Sylvia Plath
One of the top out-of-print
children's books has an unexpected author -- the poet Sylvia Plath, who
wrote this book-length poem for youngsters. The work describes a series of
magical beds, including one that grows when it's watered and another that
can be used as a submarine.
Sisters, Lynne Cheney
The single most sought-after work of
fiction on BookFinder this year was written by the vice president's wife.
The novel, a romance set in the American frontier that had limited sales at
the time of its release, currently commands prices as high as $720 at
used-book sellers in BookFinder's network.
Voices of Moccasin Creek, Tate
Cromwell Page (1972)
This extremely rare work chronicles
the journey of Mr. Page's ancestors from Mississippi to Pope County, Ark.,
in the Ozark National Forest. The founder and CEO of BookFinder.com, Anirvan
Chatterjee, says that books tied to a particular area can develop a strong
Forwarded by Debbie Bowling from a WSJ article
"I Just Called to Say I Love You: The sounds of 9/11, beyond the
metallic roar, by Peggy Noonan, The Wall Street Journal, September 8,
Everyone remembers the pictures, but I think more
and more about the sounds. I always ask people what they heard that day in
New York. We've all seen the film and videotape, but the sound equipment of
television crews didn't always catch what people have described as the deep
metallic roar. The other night on TV there was a documentary on the
Ironworkers of New York's Local 40, whose members ran to the site when the
towers fell. They pitched in on rescue, then stayed for eight months to
deconstruct a skyscraper some of them had helped build 35 years before. An
ironworker named Jim Gaffney said, "My partner kept telling me the buildings
are coming down and I'm saying 'no way.' Then we heard that noise that I
will never forget. It was like a creaking and then the next thing you felt
the ground rumbling."
Rudy Giuliani said it was like an earthquake. The
actor Jim Caviezel saw the second plane hit the towers on television and
what he heard shook him: "A weird, guttural discordant sound," he called it,
a sound exactly like lightning. He knew because earlier that year he'd been
hit. My son, then a teenager in a high school across the river from the
towers, heard the first plane go in at 8:45 a.m. It sounded, he said, like a
heavy truck going hard over a big street grate.
I think too about the sounds that came from within
the buildings and within the planes--the phone calls and messages left on
answering machines, all the last things said to whoever was home and picked
up the phone. They awe me, those messages. Something terrible had happened.
Life was reduced to its essentials. Time was short. People said what
counted, what mattered. It has been noted that there is no record of anyone
calling to say, "I never liked you," or, "You hurt my feelings." No one
negotiated past grievances or said, "Vote for Smith." Amazingly --or
not--there is no record of anyone damning the terrorists or saying "I hate
No one said anything unneeded, extraneous or small.
Crisis is a great editor. When you read the transcripts that have been
released over the years it's all so clear.
Flight 93 flight attendant Ceecee Lyles, 33 years
old, in an answering-machine message to her husband: "Please tell my
children that I love them very much. I'm sorry, baby. I wish I could see
your face again."
Thirty-one-year-old Melissa Harrington, a
California-based trade consultant at a meeting in the towers, called her
father to say she loved him. Minutes later she left a message on the
answering machine as her new husband slept in their San Francisco home.
"Sean, it's me, she said. "I just wanted to let you know I love you."
Capt. Walter Hynes of the New York Fire
Department's Ladder 13 dialed home that morning as his rig left the
firehouse at 85th Street and Lexington Avenue. He was on his way downtown,
he said in his message, and things were bad. "I don't know if we'll make it
out. I want to tell you that I love you and I love the kids."
Firemen don't become firemen because they're
pessimists. Imagine being a guy who feels in his gut he's going to his
death, and he calls on the way to say goodbye and make things clear. His
widow later told the Associated Press she'd played his message hundreds of
times and made copies for their kids. "He was thinking about us in those
Elizabeth Rivas saw it that way too. When her
husband left for the World Trade Center that morning, she went to a
laundromat, where she heard the news. She couldn't reach him by cell and
rushed home. He'd called at 9:02 and reached her daughter. The child
reported, "He say, mommy, he say he love you no matter what happens, he
loves you." He never called again. Mrs. Rivas later said, "He tried to call
me. He called me."
There was the amazing acceptance. I spoke this week
with a medical doctor who told me she'd seen many people die, and many "with
grace and acceptance." The people on the planes didn't have time to accept,
to reflect, to think through; and yet so many showed the kind of grace you
see in a hospice.
Peter Hanson, a passenger on United Airlines Flight
175 called his father. "I think they intend to go to Chicago or someplace
and fly into a building," he said. "Don't worry, Dad--if it happens, it will
be very fast." On the same flight, Brian Sweeney called his wife, got the
answering machine, and told her they'd been hijacked. "Hopefully I'll talk
to you again, but if not, have a good life. I know I'll see you again some
There was Tom Burnett's famous call from United
Flight 93. "We're all going to die, but three of us are going to do
something," he told his wife, Deena. "I love you, honey."
These were people saying, essentially, In spite of
my imminent death, my thoughts are on you, and on love. I asked a
psychiatrist the other day for his thoughts, and he said the people on the
planes and in the towers were "accepting the inevitable" and taking care of
"unfinished business." "At death's door people pass on a
responsibility--'Tell Billy I never stopped loving him and forgave him long
ago.' 'Take care of Mom.' 'Pray for me, Father. Pray for me, I haven't been
very good.' " They address what needs doing.
This reminded me of that moment when Todd Beamer of
United 93 wound up praying on the phone with a woman he'd never met before,
a Verizon Airfone supervisor named Lisa Jefferson. She said later that his
tone was calm. It seemed as if they were "old friends," she later wrote.
They said the Lord's Prayer together. Then he said "Let's roll."
This is what I get from the last messages. People
are often stronger than they know, bigger, more gallant than they'd guess.
And this: We're all lucky to be here today and able to say what deserves
saying, and if you say it a lot, it won't make it common and so unheard, but
known and absorbed. I think the sound of the last messages, of what was
said, will live as long in human history, and contain within it as much of
human history, as any old metallic roar.
Ms. Noonan is a contributing editor of The Wall Street Journal and
author of "John Paul the Great: Remembering a Spiritual Father," (Penguin,
2005), which you can order from the OpinionJournal bookstore. Her column
Stories from Sept. 11: Wives, Daughters, Mothers ---
Forwarded by Paula
The Washington Post's Mensa Invitational once again asked readers to take any
word from the dictionary, alter it by adding, subtracting, or changing of one
letter, and supply a new definition.
Here are this year's winners:
01. Cashtration (n.): The act of buying a house, which renders the subject
financially impotent for an indefinite period.
02. Ignoranus: A person who's both stupid and an asshole.
03. Intaxication: Euphoria at getting a tax refund, which lasts until you
realize it was your money to start with.
04. Reintarnation: Coming back to life as a hillbilly.
05. Bozone (n.): The substance surrounding stupid people that stops bright
ideas from penetrating. The bozone layer, unfortunately, shows little sign of
breaking down in the near future.
07. Giraffiti: Vandalism spray-painted very, very high.
08. Sarchasm: The gulf between the author of sarcastic wit and the person who
doesn't get it.
09. Inoculatte: To take coffee intravenously when you are running late.
10. Hipatitis: Terminal coolness.
11. Osteopornosis: A degenerate disease. (This one got extra credit.)
12. Karmageddon: It's like, when everybody is sending off all these really
bad vibes, right? And then, like, the Earth explodes and it's like, a serious
13. Decafalon (n.): The grueling event of getting through the day consuming
only things that are good for you.
14. Glibido: All talk and no action.
15. Dopeler effect: The tendency of stupid ideas to seem smarter when they
come at you rapidly.
16. Arachnoleptic fit (n.): The frantic dance performed just after you've
accidentally walked through a spider web.
17. Beelzebug (n.): Satan in the form of a mosquito, that gets into your
bedroom at three in the morning and cannot be cast out.
18. Caterpallor (n.): The color you turn after finding half a worm in the
fruit you're eating.
Here's one they didn't think of:
Fartification: Protection using bad odors.
More Tidbits from the Chronicle
of Higher Education ---
Fraud Updates ---
For earlier editions of New Bookmark
s go to http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Archives of Tidbits: Tidbits Directory ---
Click here to search Bob Jensen's web site if you have key words to enter
--- Search Site.
For example if you want to know what Jensen documents have the term "Enron"
enter the phrase Jensen AND Enron. Another search engine that covers Trinity
and other universities is at
Three Finance Blogs
Jim Mahar's FinanceProfessor Blog ---
FinancialRounds Blog ---
Karen Alpert's FinancialMusings (Australia) ---
Some Accounting Blogs
Paul Pacter's IAS Plus (International Accounting) ---
International Association of Accountants News ---
AccountingEducation.com and Double Entries ---
Gerald Trite's eBusiness and XBRL
Bob Jensen's Sort-of Blogs ---
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New
Current and past editions of my newsletter called
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud
Torian's Managerial Accounting Information Center --- http://www.informationforaccountants.com/
Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob)
190 Sunset Hill Road
Sugar Hill, NH 03586